War with Japan (1937-45)

g-jacqmin
Mind Map by g-jacqmin, updated more than 1 year ago
g-jacqmin
Created by g-jacqmin about 4 years ago
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War with Japan (1937-45)
1 Events
1.1 July 1937: Japanese troops attack Beijing army bases and capture the city after provoking an incident
1.1.1 Japanese troops sweep southwards, pushing Guomindang back
1.2 November 1937: Capture Shanghai (most important port)
1.3 December 1937: Capture capital Nanjing
1.3.1 GMD make new capital in Chongqing
1.4 1938-44: Japanese occupy all major cities, railways,ports,roads...
1.4.1 Chinese re-captured countryside as not enough Japanese manpower
1.5 1938: Nanjing Massacre -- competition to see which Japanese officer could be the first to behead 100 chinese
1.5.1 About 300,000 Chinese deaths
2 Guomindang during the war
2.1 Retreated from Japanese invasion and gave up Nanjing, Beijing and Shanghai
2.1.1 Cut-off from industrialised western parts of China so couldn't fight back
2.2 Became very corrupt
2.3 Chiang governed like a dictator with an army of 'Blueshirts' that hunted down opposition
2.4 Did little to improve Chinese welfare problems--> little support from peasants
3 American Involvement
3.1 1941: Japan had 2 million men in China, more than half army
3.2 December 1941: Pearl Harbour attack brings US into the war
3.3 American supplies went to Chinese, Japanese trade bombarded
3.4 August 1945: Atomic bombs end war
4 CCP during the war
4.1 1937-45: Used guerrilla tactics to attack Japanese troops and regain control of Northern China and countrysides
4.2 1940: Hundreds Regiment Battle -- attacked Japanese-controlled railways to paralyse Japanese transport
4.3 1941: 'Three-All Campaign' by Japanese-- kill all, burn all, destroy all.
4.3.1 Aim to turn peasants against CCP but had opposite effect
4.4 1937: 30,000 m2 + 2 million people
4.4.1 1945: 300,000 m2 + 95 million people
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