Civil War (1945-49)

g-jacqmin
Mind Map by g-jacqmin, updated more than 1 year ago
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Civil War (1945-49)
1 Events
1.1 June 1946: GMD launch offensive in Northern China
1.1.1 March 1947: GMD had won many battles and captured CCP capital of Yanan
1.2 CCP, led by Lin Bao, avoided pitched battles + used guerrilla tactics
1.2.1 People's Liberation Army (PLA) took control of large areas of Central+Northern China where they had big support
1.3 1948: PLA was big enough for a pitched battle
1.3.1 1948: Battle of Huai-hai -- Guomindang lost 500,000 men+ lots of equipment
1.4 1948: PLA now controlled Central China and captured Beijing+ Shanghai
1.5 January 1949: Chiang + 200,000 troops fled to Taiwan
1.6 1st October 1949: Communists set up : People's Republic of China
2 Background
2.1 Kuomintang
2.1.1 3 million american-trained+equipped soldiers.
2.1.2 Held main cities+railways
2.2 CCP
2.2.1 1 million soldiers, mostly peasants
2.2.2 Only strong in countryside/ controlled no cities
3 CCP Strengths
3.1 Mao's policies ensured peasant support
3.2 Mao seen as 'liberator' from WW2 fight with Japan
3.3 Successful guerrilla tactics 1946-48
3.4 1945: 1 million men
3.4.1 1949: 4 million men
4 GMD Weaknesses
4.1 Chiang's government seen as corrupt
4.2 High inflation+ 'blueshirt' brutality --> seen as party of landlords, not peasants
4.3 American govr. stopped funding Chiang in 1947 when they started losing
4.4 GMD forces fell from 3 million to 1.5 million by 1947
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