Classification according to vibrating elements or Universal Classification

Josema Martínez
Mind Map by Josema Martínez, updated more than 1 year ago
Josema Martínez
Created by Josema Martínez about 4 years ago
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Clasificación universal de los instrumentos musicales, o clasificación según los elementos que vibran.

Resource summary

Classification according to vibrating elements or Universal Classification
1 IDIOPHONES (The sound is produced by the vibration of instruent itself)
1.1 PERCUSSION (They are hit to sound)
1.1.1 Pitched
1.1.1.1 Marimba
1.1.1.2 Vibraphone
1.1.1.3 Temple block
1.1.2 Unpitched
1.1.2.1 Cajón flamenco
1.1.2.2 Triangle
1.1.2.3 Wood block
1.1.2.4 Gong
1.2 CONCUSSION (They are concussed to sound)
1.2.1 Castanets
1.2.2 Claves
1.2.3 Cymbals
1.2.4 Zills
1.3 SHAKEN (They are shaken to sound)
1.3.1 Maracas
1.3.2 Rattles
1.3.3 Rainstick
1.4 PLUCKED (They are plucked to sound)
1.4.1 Sanza or Kalimba
1.4.2 Jaw harp
1.5 SCRAPED (They are scraped to sound)
1.5.1 Ratchet
1.5.2 Güiro
1.5.3 Washboard
1.6 FRICTION (They are rubbed to sound)
1.6.1 Musical glasses
1.6.2 Glass harmonica
1.6.3 Musical saw
2 MEMBRANOPHONES (The sound is produced by the vibration of a membrane or skin)
2.1 FRICTION (The membrane is rubbed to sound)
2.1.1 Zambomba
2.1.2 Cuica
2.2 STRUCK (We have to strike the membrane make them sound)
2.2.1 Pitched
2.2.1.1 Kettledrums
2.2.2 Unpitched
2.2.2.1 Bongos
2.2.2.2 Snare drum
2.2.2.3 Bass drum
2.2.2.4 Djembe
2.2.2.5 Conga
2.3 SINGING (The membrane vibrates when we talk or sing through them)
2.3.1 Kazoo
3 CHORDOPHONES (The sound is produced by the vibration of one or more strings)
3.1 FRICTION (The sound is produced when we rub the strings)
3.1.1 Violin
3.1.2 Viola
3.1.3 Violonchello
3.1.4 Double Bass
3.1.5 Berimbau
3.1.6 Rebec
3.1.7 Hurdy Gurdy
3.2 PLUCKED (The sound is produced when we pluck the strings)
3.2.1 Guitar
3.2.2 Harp
3.2.3 Lute
3.2.4 Harpsichord
3.3 STRUCK (The sound is produced when the strings are struck)
3.3.1 Piano
4 AEROPHONES (The sound is produced by the vibration of an air column)
4.1 FREE AEROPHONES (The air column vibrates by mechanical means)
4.1.1 Organ
4.1.2 Accordion
4.2 NON-FREE AEROPHONES (The sound is produced when the performer blows into it)
4.2.1 EDGE BLOWN OR FIPPLE
4.2.1.1 Double reed
4.2.1.1.1 English horn
4.2.1.1.2 Basoon
4.2.1.1.3 Dulzaina
4.2.1.1.4 Oboe
4.2.1.2 Free reed
4.2.1.2.1 Harmonica
4.2.1.2.2 Bagpipe
4.2.1.3 Single reed
4.2.1.3.1 Clarinet
4.2.1.3.2 Saxophone
4.2.1.4 Fipple
4.2.1.4.1 Traverse flute
4.2.1.4.2 Piccolo flute
4.2.1.4.3 Recorder
4.2.2 MOUTHPIECE
4.2.2.1 Euphonium
4.2.2.2 Tuba
4.2.2.3 Trombone
4.2.2.4 Horn
4.2.2.5 Trumpet
5 ELECTROPHONES (They us electricity to produce sound)
5.1 ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS (The sound is produce by alternating electric current)
5.1.1 Synthesizer
5.1.2 Drum machine
5.1.3 Electronic drum
5.2 ELECTROMECHANIC INSTRUMENTS (Conventional instruments whose sound is amplified)
5.2.1 Electric guitar

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