Prétérit

forgetmenot
Mind Map by forgetmenot, updated more than 1 year ago
forgetmenot
Created by forgetmenot about 4 years ago
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Description

comprendre comment se forme le prétérit

Resource summary

Prétérit
1 temps du passé
1.1 action terminée
1.2 action datée
1.2.1 indication de temps
1.2.1.1 date
1.2.1.2 jour, mois, année
1.2.1.3 complément circonstanciel de temps
2 verbes d'action
2.1 forme affirmative
2.1.1 verbes réguliers
2.1.1.1 base verbale (V) + terminaison -ed
2.1.1.1.1 ex: I watched

Annotations:

  • base verbale = watch à laquelle on ajoute -ed
2.1.2 verbes irréguliers
2.1.2.1 liste à apprendre par coeur

Annotations:

  • ex: steal - stole - stolen le 1er verbe correspond à la base verbale (steal) le 2ème à la forme du prétérit de cette abse verbale (stole) le 3ème au participe passé de ce verbe (stolen)
2.1.2.1.1 ex: I stole
2.2 forme négative
2.2.1 tous les verbes

Annotations:

  • réguliers et irréguliers
2.2.1.1 didn't + V

Annotations:

  • didn't = auxiliaire did (do au prétérit) + négation not
2.2.1.1.1 ex: I didn't watch
2.2.1.1.2 ex: I didn't steal
2.3 forme interrogative
2.3.1 tous les verbes
2.3.1.1 (wh-word) + did + sujet + V + (complément)
2.3.1.1.1 ex: what did you watch on TV last night?

Annotations:

  • wh word = what did sujet = you V = watch complément = on TV last night
2.3.1.1.2 ex: when did the thief steal the painting?

Annotations:

  • wh word = when did sujet = the thief V = steal complément = the painting
2.3.1.2 exception: lorsque la question porte sur le sujet
2.3.1.2.1 wh-word = who ou how many
2.3.1.2.1.1 wh-word + V-ed + (complément)?
2.3.1.2.1.1.1 ex: Who stole the painting?
3 verbe Be
3.1 forme affirmative
3.1.1 was
3.1.1.1 I , he, she, it
3.1.2 were
3.1.2.1 you, we, they
3.2 forme négative
3.2.1 was not / wasn't

Annotations:

  • was not = forme pleine wasn't = forme contractée
3.2.1.1 I , he, she, it
3.2.2 were not / weren't

Annotations:

  • were not = forme pleine weren't = forme contractée
3.2.2.1 you, we, they
3.3 forme interrogative
3.3.1 (wh-word) + was + I , he, she , it + (complément)?
3.3.2 (wh-word) + were + you, we, they + (complément)?
4 prétérit be + V-ing
4.1 action secondaire, de fond, qui pose le décor
4.1.1 était en train de...
4.1.2 tous les verbes
4.1.2.1 be au prétérit + base verbale avec la terminaison -ing
4.1.2.1.1 forme affirmative
4.1.2.1.1.1 I was looking around the library
4.1.2.1.1.2 They were chatting
4.1.2.1.2 forme négative
4.1.2.1.2.1 I wasn't looking around the library
4.1.2.1.2.2 They weren't chatting
4.1.2.1.3 forme interrogative
4.1.2.1.3.1 What were you doing yesterday?
4.1.2.1.3.2 Was she visiting the house?
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