Why do liberals believe that global order tends towards cooperation?

ktuffin_95
Mind Map by ktuffin_95, updated more than 1 year ago
ktuffin_95
Created by ktuffin_95 over 6 years ago
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A Levels Government and Politics (Approaches to Global Politics) Mind Map on Why do liberals believe that global order tends towards cooperation?, created by ktuffin_95 on 25/01/2014.

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Why do liberals believe that global order tends towards cooperation?
1 Based on reciprocity

Annotations:

  • balance applies to international affairs, and that it is reflected in the overlapping interests of states. 
1.1 few inter-state wars

Annotations:

  • since WW2, there have been very few inter-state wars, and definitely no total wars.  International affairs have been defined by order, not disorder
2 States are not unitary actors

Annotations:

  • states are not ''billiard-balls' but are complex political structures where power is dispersed - people no longer feel war is ''morally acceptable'' and therefore, a government is likely to loose power, as public do not accept unless self-defence. 
2.1 War is unfeesible

Annotations:

  • too costly to fight - Total War, WMD and guerilla tactic- no longer rational. 
3 Economic interdependance

Annotations:

  • Cooperation amongst states is encouraged by economic interdependences, particularly in the form of international trade, which also helps to promote general prosperity.
4 Democracy

Annotations:

  • The trend towards democracy also promotes cooperation and reduces the incidence of war because democratic states share the same culture and values. Plus, more international checks to prevent dictatorships. 
5 Global Governance

Annotations:

  • The trend towards global governance supports cooperation among states by establishing norms and increased trust, helping to facilitate rule-governed behaviour. The UN provides a forum for discussion, which consequently reduces friction as states can discuss political disagreements without conflict. 
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