Describe & evaluate Tulving's Theory that there are different types of LTM (12)

Corina-Ioana Burcea
Mind Map by Corina-Ioana Burcea, updated more than 1 year ago
Corina-Ioana Burcea
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Describe & evaluate Tulving's Theory that there are different types of LTM (12)
1 EVALUATION
1.1 Positive (+)
1.1.1 HM+ Clive Wearing
1.1.1.1 Procedual memory
1.1.1.1.1 remembering how to stroke a dog
1.1.1.2 Semantic memory
1.1.1.2.1 concept of a dog
1.1.1.3 Episodic
1.1.1.3.1 remembering stroking a dog
1.1.1.3.2 impaired- Amnesia
1.1.1.4 must be different LTM stores if one doesn't work while another is unaffected
1.1.1.5 Clinical evidence
1.1.2 Tulving et al. (1994)
1.1.2.1 Neuroimaging evidence
1.1.2.2 Different LTMSs in different parts of the brain
1.1.2.2.1 Prefrontal Cortex
1.1.2.2.1.1 Right Hemisphere is Episodic
1.1.2.2.1.2 Left Hemisphere is Semantic
1.1.2.2.2 objective proof that there must be a different types of LTM if they are in different places so high validity
1.1.3 Real Life Applications
1.2 Negative (-)
1.2.1 Problems with the clinical evidence that supports this explanation
1.2.1.1 Lack of Control over variables
1.2.1.1.1 Example (personality variables, extent+ location of brain damage, you don't know how their memory was like before)
1.2.1.2 Low Generaliseability
1.2.1.2.1 most of the supporting evidence is built on case studies of brain damaged patients
2 DESCRIBE
2.1 3 types of LTM
2.1.1 Episodic Memory: -memory for events
2.1.1.1 time stamped
2.1.1.2 give an example (did yesterday, birthday last year
2.1.1.3 your memory of a single episode (includes lots of different elements- give eg)
2.1.2 Semantic Memory: knowledge of the world
2.1.2.1 facts, concepts experiences
2.1.2.2 give an example (capital cities, what something tastes like, etc.)
2.1.2.3 Not time stamped
2.1.3 Procedural Memory: memory of actions/ skills
2.1.3.1 Not time stamped
2.1.3.2 give an example (how to swim, ride a bike, drive a car, etc.)
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