Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

Benedict Williams
Mind Map by Benedict Williams, updated more than 1 year ago
Benedict Williams
Created by Benedict Williams almost 4 years ago
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Description

GCSE History (Race Relations) Mind Map on Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott, created by Benedict Williams on 04/25/2016.

Resource summary

Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
1 1955-6
2 Rosa Parks
2.1 Rosa Parks was deeply active in the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) and the Montgomery Improvement Association
2.2 Fired from job at the department store where she worked immediately
2.3 Agreed to be NAACP's test case
2.4 Husband died in 1977
2.4.1 After that, founded a self-development institute
2.4.1.1 Offered Summer schools called 'Pathways to Freedom'
2.5 1996
2.5.1 Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom
3 'The Spark'
3.1 1st December 1955
3.2 Rosa Parks was going home on the bus as usual when, as the bus was full, she sat in the white only section.
3.2.1 She was asked to move, but she refused, and was arrested for breaking the Bus Segregation Law
3.2.1.1 4 days later, she was convicted and fined
4 The Boycott
4.1 To boycott is to withdraw from commercial or social relations with (a country, organization, or person) as a punishment or protest.
4.2 Originally one-day boycott, but extended into a longer boycott.
4.2.1 Known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott
4.2.2 Black Americans walked or carpooled to work or to get to places
4.2.2.1 Bus companies lost money
5 Retaliation
5.1 White Americans fought back
5.1.1 Martin Luther King arrested and fined for speeding
5.1.1.1 Jan 1956
5.1.2 People waiting for lifts and carpool drivers were arrested
5.1.3 MLK's house was bombed, but boycott continued
6 Further on...
6.1 For next 12 months...
6.1.1 17,000+ Black Americans in Montgomery refused to use buses
6.1.2 Within one week, set up carpools. At one point, 200+ vehicles carpooling
6.1.2.1 Mostly set up by local churches
6.1.3 Boycott dragged on, until US Supreme Court made bus segregation illegal
6.1.3.1 New law began on 20th December 1956
6.2 June 1956
6.2.1 Two federal judges ruled that the segregation law was unconstitutional.
6.2.1.1 US Supreme Court agreed, and made illegal one month later
6.3 First major victory of Civil Rights Movement
6.3.1 Rosa Parks became target for racists, and so ran away to Detroit in 1957. She continued working for the NAACP
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