(4) Why did the Conservative lose
the 1964 General Election?
1.1 Profumo Affair
1.1.1 March 1963 John Profumo, Minister for War hits
the headlines. He’s been having sex with Christine
Keeler, a prostitute to clients such as members of
the Soviet Embassy. In the House of Commons,
Profumo denies any involvement with her but the
media jumped on risk to national security.
1.1.2 June 1963 Profumo admits to having lied and resigns his
position BUT it doesn’t end there, details emerge of him
having met Keeler at Cliveden, a house used by Dr
Stephen Ward as a high class brothel. Ward had many
Conservatives on his books and though many were
genuine patients the Party was smeared by association.
1.1.3 Ward was put on trial for living off immoral earnings
and committed suicide instead of face the results.
1.1.4 Separately, Keeler was found guilty
of perjury and jailed for 9 months.
1.1.5 EFFECTS OF the
220.127.116.11 Macmillan is criticised
Profumo’s first denial.
18.104.22.168 Tabloids and broadsheets begin
to suggest the PM is losing his grip.
22.214.171.124 This starts on a slippery slope to the
general public opinion that the Conservative
Govt is outdated and faintly ridiculous.
1.2 Argyll Divorce Case
1.2.1 A high profile divorce case with the Duke
of Argyll sued his wife Margaret for divorce
in 1963 on the grounds of adultery.
1.2.2 The duchess had sex with allegedly 88 men, and on a occasion having
group sex – this was said to include 2 Govt ministers, including one who
appeared in a compromising photo used as evidence in court.
1.2.3 The Judge granted the divorce
saying the Duchess had engaged
in ‘disgusting sexual practices’
1.3 Philby Affair
1.3.1 January 1963, Kim Philby, a senior official in the Foreign Office
is exposed as having passed information to the USSR for
decades including recruiting agents and running a spy network.
1.3.2 Philby fled to Moscow and
stayed there until his death in 1988
1.3.3 Macmillan’s Govt (unfairly?) took the brunt
of the blame for the Security services not
having spotted this for so long.
1.4 Vassall Affair
1.4.1 The Govt held an official investigation into the case of John Vassall, a civil
servant in the admiralty who was caught spying for the Soviet Union in
1962. He was Homosexual and was being black mail by the KGB because
they had photograph's of him in compressing with men in Moscow
1.4.2 It was suggested that senior Admiralty
figures had tried to protect Vassall
1.4.3 Talk of cover up suggested
the Govt was not in control of
2.1 Beyon the fringe
1962- Peter Cook
2.1.1 The queen found macmillan
impersonation funny. Macmillan decided
to attend but was personal humiliated
2.2 Privet Eye - 1968
2.3 Vicky, Low
3 Political figures
3.1 Harold Wilson
3.1.1 Labour party leader,
united the labour party
126.96.36.199 Lectured at Oxford
in economics - 21
188.8.131.52 Unified the party
3.2 Alec Douglas-home
3.2.1 Left commons
to go to the lords
3.2.2 Macleod and Maulding
expected to be PM, he
never wanted it
3.2.3 Eton educted
3.2.4 Old education prevalent in the
Conservative party made them
seem out of touch and non reforming
4 Policy Problems
4.1.3 Spickd in 1963-878,000
184.108.40.206 Questioned asked about full
4.2 EEC Failure
4.2.1 Macmillan economic
recovery was hinged on a
successful entry into the EEC
220.127.116.11 It was hoped that access to the dynamic
market of western Europe with over 150 million
consumers would revitalise Britian industry
18.104.22.168.1 De gaulle veto there entry because he feared the "special
relationship", the Having the cake and eating it ( Keeping the
Commonwealth), cheap agriculture and britain dominating the EEC