Vygotsky: social aspects of cognitive development

Anja Starc
Mind Map by Anja Starc, updated more than 1 year ago
Anja Starc
Created by Anja Starc almost 4 years ago
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Other Psychology Mind Map on Vygotsky: social aspects of cognitive development, created by Anja Starc on 04/26/2016.

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Vygotsky: social aspects of cognitive development
1 Lev Vygotsky
1.1 1896 - 1934
1.2 Biology => Law => Dev Psych
1.3 Russia
2 Key concepts
2.1 HIGHER & LOWER MENTAL FUNCTIONS
2.1.1 development: social interaction
2.1.2 higher thought requires language
2.1.3 voluntary & deliberate
2.1.4 culturally & linguistically mediated
2.1.5 genetically inherited
2.1.6 direct response to environment
2.1.7 automatic & unconscious
2.2 INTERNALISATION
2.2.1 = a process when external cultural patterns of activity become represented internally
2.2.2 mastery of language
2.2.2.1 not only communication => substance of thought & knowledge
2.2.3 social & cultural reality = primary role in determining the nature of internal psych. functioning
2.3 THOUGHT & LANGUAGE
2.3.1 speech: drives development
2.3.2 organisation of perceptions & actions
2.3.3 start: interpersonal symbol system
2.3.3.1 becomes: internal symbol system
2.3.4 Helen Keller
2.3.5 egocentric speech
2.3.5.1 solve problems: talk to self
2.3.5.2 = transition: external <=> inner speech
2.3.5.3 Piaget: egocentrism
2.4 ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT or 'SCAFFOLDING'
2.4.1 = potential in a child - unlocked through instruction & guidance
2.4.2 1. independent ability
2.4.2.1 independent level
2.4.3 2. guided ability
2.4.3.1 guidance & help
2.4.4 variation: same 1. level, vary in 2. level
2.4.5 Mugny & Doise, 1978
2.4.5.1 conservation task
2.4.5.2 work together: higher level performance
2.4.5.3 improvement: groups
3 Similarities with Piaget
4 development = social process
4.1 learning = shared activity
4.1.1 achieved through cooperation with others
4.2 learning =>impact development
5 Differences with Piaget
6 BRUNER & Joint Involvement Episodes
6.1 interest & desire
6.2 control attention
6.3 tasks segmented
6.4 routines
6.5 demonstration => delegation
6.6 prevent frustration
6.7 adult & child together => focus on a task
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