Kant (1724-1804)

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Philosophy & Ethics Mind Map on Kant (1724-1804), created by 97nat.brooks on 02/04/2014.

Created by 97nat.brooks over 5 years ago
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Act Utilitarianism
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Rule Utilitarianism
Ethics - Moral Relativism
Kant (1724-1804)
1 Outcomes are difficult to predict so for Kant the intention was important
2 'ought'- like conscious, you should do it. But only if you can
3 Goodwill + Duty = correct moral action
4 'Goodwill shines forth like a precious jewel' Have to be willing to do something with enthusiasm. Goodwill is the only pure motive
5 An action is only good if the person acts out of a sense of 'goodwill' for the other person
6 Duty for duties sake- only exception for putting goodwill into action is duty
6.1 Have to be willing to do something
7 Should have an objective view in a moral situation, free from emotion
8 priori- something you already know 1+1
8.1 Synthetic- could be true or false- all students are happy
8.2 Moral situation- is a priori synthetic.
8.2.1 Moral knowledge is gained by experience and it can be right or wrong so it is a ...
9 Postulates of morality 1. Freedom to act 2. Immortal souls 3. God must exist
10 Categorical imperative
10.1 Universalisation- only carry out the action if all people would behave in the same way
10.2 Humans as ends- treating humans as ends, not as means to an end
10.3 Kingdom of end- treat humans as ends and stick to your maxim
11 Hypothetical imperative- an action that achieves a result- studying for A levels to get an A
12 Summum bonum= supreme good
12.1 Happiness achieves the summum bonum but this can't be achieved in one life time, we have to come back, so God must exist
13 'Ought implies can'
14 Strengths
14.1 Kingdom of ends- respects all humans
14.2 Absolute- one rule for everyone
14.3 People recognise that part of what it means to be human includes duty
15 Weaknesses
15.1 Not to use emotions like love seems cold and inhuman
15.2 The outcome might be more important (deontological)
15.3 It only works if everyone does it

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