Psychological research and scientific method

Nicky Barton
Mind Map by Nicky Barton, updated more than 1 year ago
Nicky Barton
Created by Nicky Barton about 7 years ago


Degree Psychology Mind Map on Psychological research and scientific method, created by Nicky Barton on 04/22/2013.

Resource summary

Psychological research and scientific method
1 Application of scientific method
1.1 Features of science
1.1.1 objectivity Observable? Measurable?
1.1.2 Replicable?
1.1.3 Allport Understand Predict Control
1.1.4 Parsimoniosity
1.1.5 Predictions/Hypothesis Popper Falsifiable? Ethical issues Control
1.1.6 Kuhn Paradigm Assumptions Methods Terminology Paradigm shift Due to contradictions Stages in development of a science Revolutionary science Normal science Pre-science Feyerabend
1.1.7 Scientific procedure
1.2 Validating new knowledge
1.2.1 Peer review Research method controls procedure Data Reporting Interpretation
1.2.2 Replication To check reliability
2 Designing psychological investigations
2.1 Methods
2.1.1 Experimental method variables dependent Independent Conditions operationalised Random Allocation Cause and effect Confounding variables
2.1.2 Types of experiment natural Williams Labratory field quasi-experiment
2.1.3 Design independent groups Repeated measures Matched pairs
2.1.4 Correlational analysis Curveliniar relationships Co-variables
2.1.5 Observational studies Sampling Time Event Participant observation Non-participant observation Naturalistic observation Problems Observer effect observer bias Inter-observer reliability Replication Generalisation
2.1.6 Data collection Questionnairs Interviews Case studies
2.1.7 Pilot studies
2.2 Sampling
2.2.1 Random sampling
2.2.2 Systematic sampling
2.2.3 Oportunity Sampling
2.2.4 Self-selecting sample
2.2.5 Quota-sampling
2.2.6 Issues Representativeness Sampling errors
2.2.7 To find target poputation
2.3 Reliability
2.3.1 Consistency
2.3.2 Test-retest reliability
2.3.3 Split half reliability
2.3.4 Inter rater reliability
2.3.5 Inter-observer reliability
2.4 Validity
2.4.1 Ecological Validity
2.4.2 External Validity
2.4.3 Internal validity
2.4.4 Two overall types content-related face validity construct validity EPI criterion-related Predictive validity Concurrent validity
2.5 Ethical considerations
2.5.1 BPS
2.5.2 Fully informed consent
2.5.3 Deception
2.5.4 Debriefing
2.5.5 Right to withdraw
2.5.6 Confidentiality
2.5.7 Ethics comittee
2.5.8 Involuntary participation
3 Data Analysis and Reporting research
3.1 graphical representations
3.1.1 Bar charts means Medians
3.1.2 Histograms
3.1.3 Frequency polygons
3.1.4 Scattergraphs
3.2 Probability and significance
3.2.1 Hypothesis Research Null
3.2.2 Errors Type 1 Type 2
3.3 Analysing quantitative data
3.3.1 Inferential Statistics Parametric tests Non-parametric tests
3.3.2 Types of data Nominal ordinal
3.3.3 Levels of measurement
3.3.4 Tests Chi-squared Mann-Whitney U Wilcoxon signed ranks Spearmans rho
3.4 Analysing qualitative data
3.4.1 Thematic analysis
3.4.2 Categories Graphical techniques
3.5 Conventions of reporting
3.5.1 Quantitative research Title Abstract Introduction Method Design Participants Materials/aparatus Procedure Results Discussion References Apendices
3.5.2 Qualitative research May be personal Research question instead of hypothesis analysis instead of results Reflexive analysis
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