Sino-US rapproachement

Tom Lea
Mind Map by Tom Lea, updated more than 1 year ago


A-Levels Cold War Mind Map on Sino-US rapproachement, created by Tom Lea on 05/22/2016.
Tags No tags specified

Resource summary

Sino-US rapproachement
1 Ping Pong Diplomacy
1.1 July '69
1.1.1 Trade & travel restrictions lifted by Nixon
1.1.2 PRC officially recognised by US
1.1.3 Secret dialogue through Pakistan
1.2 1971
1.2.1 April: US ping- pong team invited to China
1.2.2 July: Kissinger visits in secret - lay ground work for Nixon's '72 visit
1.2.3 October: US backs China's entry into UN
2 Causes
2.1 US motives
2.1.1 Vietnam Nixon hoped to pressure VC into peace through China Proved US military might not that effective Therefore need for strategic alliamces
2.1.2 Use Sino-US relationship to pressure USSR into compromise Change dynamics of Cold War - Triangular Diplomacy Create stability - 3-way relationship rather than 2-way confrontation Scare USSR = better US-USSR relations Support China's independence - better for US than a Sino - Soviet pact
2.1.3 Feared Soviet invasion/annexation of China
2.1.4 Would allow all US Nuc. arsenal focus on USSR
2.2 Chinese motives
2.2.1 Sino-Soviet split China lacks allies Only has:France, Pakistan, Albania Cult Rev (1966-76) - China cut diplomatic ties with most nations Concerned Soviets may attack Alliance with US would mean pressure on USSR to accept Chinese expansion on Soviet border
3 Nixon's visit to China 1972
3.1 Significant risk of failure but success in that good relationship established (Mao - Nixon)
3.2 Shanghai Communique (outcome of mtg)
3.2.1 Acknowledged diffs of opinion Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan
3.2.2 Sino-US relationship to be based on Peaceful Coexistence
3.2.3 Aim - normalise relations by 1976 - establish dip links -
3.2.4 China & US to work together to resist domination of South East Asia by 'any country' ie USSR
3.2.5 US & China - increase trade & coop
4 Impact?
4.1 Signif shock to USSR - concerned would mean end to Detente (started in 69)
4.2 USSR need prep for 'war on two fronts'
4.2.1 US can focus all on USSR
4.3 Kick started Detente - Moscow Summit 1972: SALT I & Basic Principles Agreement
4.3.1 ABM treaty, Interim Agreement Offensive Missiles
4.3.2 BPA - 'ultimate objective... the achievement of general and complete disarmament'
4.4 After Nixon: Ford visits 1975 - no real impact but maintains positive relations
4.5 Trade increased $5million -$500million/yr
4.6 Chinese relations with N Vietnam and Albania were strained
Show full summary Hide full summary


Conferences of the Cold War
Alina A
Bay of Pigs Invasion : April 1961
Alina A
Key policies and organisations Cold War
Elisa de Toro Arias
Development of Cold War Tensions
Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Cominform and Comecon
Alina A
Cold War (1945-1975)
How did the Cold War develop?
Elisa de Toro Arias
The Cold War: An Overview
Andrea Leyden
The Cold War: An Overview_2
Andrea Leyden
Cold War Timeline
Cold War in Asia- Philippines, China and Korea