ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND ELECTRONICS

Natalia Preciado Baruque
Mind Map by Natalia Preciado Baruque, updated more than 1 year ago
Natalia Preciado Baruque
Created by Natalia Preciado Baruque over 4 years ago
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global Tecnología Mind Map on ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND ELECTRONICS, created by Natalia Preciado Baruque on 06/08/2016.

Resource summary

ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND ELECTRONICS
1 An electric circuit
1.1 definition
1.1.1 pathway for the flow of electrons
1.2 Parts
1.2.1 Which are connected by wires
1.2.1.1 Generators
1.2.1.1.1 Provides the energy that electrons need in order to move
1.2.1.2 Loads
1.2.1.2.1 Devices that transform electrical energy into other types of energy that we can use
1.2.1.2.2 Types
1.2.1.2.2.1 Light bulbs
1.2.1.2.2.2 Motors
1.2.1.2.2.3 Resistors
1.2.1.2.2.4 Bells
1.2.2 Switching devices
1.2.2.1 Are used to direct and interrupt the flow of electric current
1.2.2.2 types
1.2.2.2.1 Switches
1.2.2.2.2 Push bottons
1.2.2.2.3 3 -way switches
1.3 Diagram and symbols
2 Electrical quantities
2.1 Voltage or potential difference
2.1.1 The amount of energy that a generator transfer to electrons
2.1.2 Is measured in volts (V)
2.2 Measuring an electric current
2.2.1 I=Q/t
2.2.1.1 Electric current (I)
2.2.1.1.1 The charge or number of electrons that flow through the cross-section of a conductor every second
2.2.1.1.2 It is mesured in amps(A)
2.3 Electrical resistance
2.3.1 Ohm´s law
2.3.1.1 V=I·R
2.4 Electrical energy and power
2.4.1 Electric power
2.4.1.1 P=V·I
2.4.1.2 E=P·T
3 Types of circuits
3.1 Series circuit
3.1.1 It is formed when the output of an element provides the imput for the next element
3.1.1.1 V=V1+V2+V3...
3.1.1.2 R=R1+R2+R3...
3.2 Parallel circuit
3.2.1 It is formed when various components share the same input and output
3.2.1.1 I/R=1/R1+1/R2+1/R1...
3.2.1.2 V=V1=V2=V3...
3.3 Combination circuit
3.3.1 It has some elements connected in series and some others in parallel
4 Types of current
4.1 Alternating current
4.1.1 Features
4.1.1.1 The flow of electrons changes direction 50 times per second
4.1.1.2 The electrons behave in a very different way
4.1.1.3 The electric current is not always the same
4.2 Direct current
4.2.1 Features
4.2.1.1 There is a continuous, stable flow of energy
4.2.1.2 The electrons always flow in the same direction and with the same current
5 Electronics
5.1 Electronic components
5.1.1 Fixed resistance or resistor
5.2 Capacitors
5.2.1 Definition
5.2.1.1 Components that can store an electrical charge
5.2.2 Features
5.2.2.1 Its value indicates the charge in volts that it can store
5.2.2.2 Components that can store an electrical charge
5.3 Diodes
5.3.1 Definition
5.3.1.1 Electronic component made from semiconductor materials
5.3.2 Features
5.3.2.1 It only allows electric current to flow in one direction
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