Natural Moral Law

jenny_allen
Mind Map by jenny_allen, updated more than 1 year ago
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Ethics Mind Map on Natural Moral Law, created by jenny_allen on 04/27/2013.
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Natural Moral Law
1 ORIGINS
1.1 Aristotle
1.1.1 Final cause - everything has a purpose.
1.1.1.1 Eudaimonia (supreme good) is found when purpose is fulfilled.
1.1.1.2 Achieved by living a life of reason.
1.1.1.2.1 Reason = ability to think, understand and act
1.2 Aquinas
1.2.1 Also believed humans have a rational nature, given by God to live and flourish.
1.2.1.1 Even without knowledge of God reason can discover laws that lead to human flourishing.
1.2.2 Natural Laws are universal and unchangeable, should be used to judge laws.
1.2.3 Humans made in the image of God so supreme good is perfection.
2 PRECEPTS
2.1 Precepts = laws discovered using reason.
2.2 Primary = fundamental principles of NML
2.2.1 WORSHIP GOD
2.2.2 ORDERED SOCIETY
2.2.3 LEARN
2.2.4 DEFEND THE INNOCENT/PRESERVATION OF LIFE
2.2.5 REPRODUCE
2.3 Secondary = derived from primary precepts
2.3.1 e.g from the primary precept preservation of life, we can derive the secondary precept do not kill.
3 STRENGTHS
3.1 Clear approach to morality.
3.2 Establishes rules/creates laws.
3.3 Concentrates on human potential, values human life.
3.4 Secondary precepts are easy to work out - can be applied to all situations.
3.5 Helps us achieve things we 'naturally' want.
4 DOCTRINE OF DOUBLE EFFECT
4.1 Used in 'moral dilemmas' - can't do good without a bad consequence.
4.2 Is sometimes right to do a good act despite knowing it will bring about bad consequences.
4.3 Is wrong to do a bad act intentionally to bring about good consequences.
5 APPARENT & REAL GOOD
5.1 Apparent = something which seems to be good/right thing to do but isn't.
5.2 Real = the right thing to do, fits the human ideal.
6 WEAKNESSES
6.1 KARL BARTH - relies too much on reason, human nature too corrupt to be trusted.
6.2 KAI NEILSEN - differing moral standards challenge idea of common natural law.
6.3 G.E.MOORE - commits naturalistic fallacy, goodness cant be defined by reference to nature.
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