METHODS AND APPROACHES FOR TEACHING

Ana Laura Angeles Pineda
Mind Map by Ana Laura Angeles Pineda, updated more than 1 year ago
Ana Laura Angeles Pineda
Created by Ana Laura Angeles Pineda about 5 years ago
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THIS MIND MAP EXPLAINS THE METHODS AND APPROACHES FOR TEACHING

Resource summary

METHODS AND APPROACHES FOR TEACHING
  1. METHOD

    Annotations:

    • An established, habitual, logical, or prescribed practice or systematic process of achieving certain ends with accuracy and efficiency, usually in an ordered sequence of fixed steps.
      1. GRAMMAR TRANSLATION METHOD

        Annotations:

        • A method of teaching foreign languages derived from the classical (sometimes called traditional) method of teaching Greek and Latin. In grammar–translation classes, students learn grammatical rules and then apply those rules by translating sentences between the target language and the native language. Advanced students may be required to translate whole texts word-for-word. The method has two main goals: to enable students to read and translate literature written in the source language, and to further students’ general intellectual development.
        1. DIRECT METHOD

          Annotations:

          • is sometimes called the natural method, and is often (but not exclusively) used in teaching foreign languages, refrains from using the learners' native language and uses only the target language. It was established in Germany and France around 1900
          1. BILINGUAL METHOD

            Annotations:

            • The preferred basic texts are dialogues accompanied by a picture strip. The bilingual method, however, advocates two revolutionary principles based on the results of scientifically controlled experiments in primary and secondary schools. In contrast to the audiovisual method and the direct method, the printed text is made available from the very beginning and presented simultaneously with the spoken sentence to allow learners to see the shape of individual words. Also, from the outset meanings are conveyed bilingually as utterance equivalents in the manner of the sandwich technique, thus avoiding meaningless and hence tedious parroting of the learning input. The pictures are seen primarily as an aid to recall and practice of the related dialogue sentences rather than as conveyors of meaning. The mother tongue is again used in the oral manipulation of grammatical structures, i.e. in bilingual pattern drills.
            1. ECLECTIC METHOD

              Annotations:

              • is the label given to a teacher's use of techniques and activities from a range of language teaching approaches and methodologies. The teacher decides what methodology or approach to use depending on the aims of the lesson and the learners in the group. Eclectic approach for teaching foreign language is commendable when circumstances do not allow for the adoption of a single method.
      2. APPROACH

        Annotations:

        • Is a set of correlative assumptions dealing with the nature of language and the nature of language learning and teaching.
        1. STRUCTURAL APPROACH

          Annotations:

          • s a technique wherein the learner masters the pattern of sentence. Structures are the different arrangements of words in one accepted style or the other. It includes various modes in which clauses, phrases or word might be used. It is based on the assumptions that language can be best learnt through a scientific selection and grading of the structures or patterns of sentences and vocabulary.
          1. COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH

            Annotations:

            • The communicative approach is based on the idea that learning language successfully comes through having to communicate real meaning. When learners are involved in real communication, their natural strategies for language acquisition will be used, and this will allow them to learn to use the language.
            1. SITUATIONAL APPROACH
              1. AURAL - ORAL APPROACH

                Annotations:

                • Say and act
                1. MULTI- SKILL APPROACH

                  Annotations:

                  • Linguistics skills are important
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