The aphasias

Maye Becerril Perez
Mind Map by Maye Becerril Perez, updated more than 1 year ago
Maye Becerril Perez
Created by Maye Becerril Perez almost 4 years ago
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In the following mind map look the brief description of aphasias
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The aphasias
1 Conduction Aphasia
1.1 verbal output: fluent some paraphrasis
1.1.1 Associated signs: Righthemiparesis, sensory loss, hemianopsia; apraxia.
1.1.1.1 Region Affected: left superior temporal and supramarginal gyrus
1.1.1.1.1 Repetition: Intact
1.1.1.1.1.1 Comprenhension: Impaired
2 Verbal Output: fluent, word-finding pauses
2.1 Assosiated Signs: Variable
2.1.1 Region Affected: left temporal, left angular gyrus.
2.1.1.1 Repetition: Intact
2.1.1.1.1 Comprenhension: Relatively preserved
2.2 Anomic Aphasia
3 Broca's Aphasia
3.1 Verbal Output: Nonfluent, efforful
3.2 Associated Signs: Right hemiparesis, right hemisensory loss: apraxia of left limbs
3.2.1 Region Affected: Left inferior frontal,subcortical white matter
3.2.1.1 Repetition: Impaired
3.2.1.1.1 Comprenhension: Relatively intact, difficulty with complex syntax
4 Wernicke's Aphasia
4.1 Verbal ouput: Fluent, paraphasic errors: logorrhea
4.1.1 Associated Signs: Right hemianopsia
4.1.1.1 Region Affected: Left posterior superior temporal; inferior parietal
4.1.1.1.1 Repetition: Impaired
4.1.1.1.1.1 Comprenhension: Impaired
5 Cortical Syndromes
5.1 Gerstmann's Syndrome
5.1.1 Acalculia (can't do simple arithmetic), Finger agnosia (do not recognize fingers), issues with left/right discrimination, agraphia Key features - Lesion in angular gyrus of dominant parietal lobe
5.1.1.1 Anton Syndrome
5.1.1.1.1 Is Cortical blindness = blindness caused by issues at occipital lobe (eyes are normal) ○ Confabulates respones and excuses; hallucinations - Patient will deny being blind - Lesion caused by bilateral acute ischemic strokes in occipital cortex
5.1.1.1.1.1 Balint's Syndrome
5.1.1.1.1.1.1 ○ Simultanagnosia = inability to perceive visual field as a whole ○ Oculomotor apraxia = cannot FIX eyes to a spot ○ Optic ataxia/dysmetria = cannot guide hand towards object using visual cues - Features - Lesion to bilateral superior temporal-occipital lobes (commonly with watershed infarcts)
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