Passive Voice

Victor Manuel Cruz Jiménez
Mind Map by Victor Manuel Cruz Jiménez, updated more than 1 year ago
Victor Manuel Cruz Jiménez
Created by Victor Manuel Cruz Jiménez over 4 years ago
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Passive Voice
  1. Use of Passive
    1. Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action. Example: My bike was stolen. In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know, however, who did it.
      1. Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice, as the following example shows: Example: A mistake was made. In this case, I focus on the fact that a mistake was made, but I do not blame anyone
    2. Form of Passive
      1. Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle + Agent Example: A letter was written.
        1. Simple Present Active: Rita writes a letter. Passive: A letter is written by Rita. Simple Past Active: Rita wrote a letter. Passive: A letter was written by Rita. P. Perfect Active: Rita has written a letter. Passive: A letter has been written by Rita. Future I Active: Rita will write a letter. Passive: A letter will be written by Rita.
          1. Present Progressive Active: Rita is writing a letter. Passive: A letter is being written by Rita. Past Progressive Active: Rita was writing a letter. Passive: A letter was being written by Rita. Past Perfect Active: Rita had written a letter. Passive: A letter had been written by Rita. Future II Active: Rita will have written a letter. Passive: A letter will have been written by Rita
      2. Verbs with two objects
        1. Some verbs that have two objects can make two different active sentences, and so two different passive sentences too: Give Active: He gave me the book / He gave the book to me. You can choose either of the two objects to be the subject of the passive sentence. Passive: I was given the book (by him)/ The book was given to me (by him). Other verbs like this are: ask, offer, teach, tell, lend, promise, sell, throw
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