Part A) Deontology

rhiannonjones96
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A Levels RS Mind Map on Part A) Deontology, created by rhiannonjones96 on 03/20/2014.

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rhiannonjones96
Created by rhiannonjones96 over 5 years ago
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Part A) Deontology
1 Intro
1.1 Kantian ethics/Kant 18th Century
1.2 Opposition to teleological
1.2.1 Utilitarianism
1.3 Intrinsic goodness of action
1.3.1 deon/duty
1.3.2 "wonder and awe...starry heavens and moral law"
1.4 Moral objectivity - universal
1.4.1 "fire burns here and in Persia"
2 'A priori synthetic'
2.1 based on reason
2.2 requires external verification
3 Free will
3.1 all have ability to reason
3.2 Moral agents
4 Categorical Imperatives
4.1 1. Universablility -maxim true if law for all
4.1.1 "act in such a way that their actions become universal law"
4.1.2 no slippery slope
4.1.3 HJ Paton "formula of the law of nature."
4.1.4 consider someone stealing - what would it be like if everyone did the same?
4.2 2. Never treat as means to an end
4.2.1 "treat humans as an end within themselves"
4.2.1.1 human rights/justice
4.2.1.1.1 "humans are valuable beyond all price" - imago dei
4.2.1.2 never exploit another - slave trade
4.3 3. "a law making member of a kingdom of ends"
4.3.1 Summum Bonnum

Annotations:

  • "the perfect agreement of the mind with the moral law is the supreme condition of the Summum Bonum"
4.3.2 Sarah Tyler - $1 coin
4.4 not hypothetical imperatives
4.4.1 to achieve a particular end
4.4.2 e.g. analogy of the shopkeeper
4.4.3 "duty should be done for the sake of duty and duty alone"
4.4.3.1 "good will shines forth like a precious jewel."

Annotations:

  • fixed statements of duty - prescriptive
5 Freedom
5.1 make rational choices
5.1.1 ought implies can
5.2 actions irrelevant if forced to do something
5.3 Formula of Autonomy

Annotations:

  • "In morals, the proper and inestimable worth of an absolute good will consist precisely in the freedom of the principle of action from all influences"
6 W. D. Ross
6.1 'Prima facie duties'
6.1.1 at first glance
6.1.2 beneficience
6.1.3 self-improvement
6.1.4 justice

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