Present Perfect

Siareth  Ibarra
Mind Map by Siareth Ibarra , updated more than 1 year ago
Siareth  Ibarra
Created by Siareth Ibarra almost 5 years ago
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Present Perfect

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Present Perfect
  1. What is the present perfect?
    1. Is an aspect of the verb expressing an action that began in the past and that has recently been completed or continues into the present.
    2. What is the auxiliary verb used?
      1. To show the verb’s tense or to form a negative or question.
      2. How do you form affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences? Give examples
        1. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE : Subject + Auxiliar Verb (To Have) + Past Participal.
          1. • She has gone to work • We have been to London • They have learned English
          2. NEGATIVE SENTENCES: Subject + Auxiliar Verb (To Have) + "Not" + Past Participal.
            1. • I haven’t talked to Peter. • We haven’t gone to work • We haven’t been to London
            2. INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES: Auxiliar Verb (To Have) + Subject + Past Paricipal.
              1. • Have you talked to Peter? • Has she gone to work? • Have you been to London?
            3. What time expressions are used?
              1. We can do this with expressions such as: in the last week, in the last year, this week, this month, so far, up to now, etc.
              2. Which are the rules to conjugate/form the verbs?
                1. First Form
                  1. The first form is the only form that changes depending on who you're talking about. In the first person, second person, and third person plural, it's all the same, but in the third person singular, you usually add an s to the end of the verb.
                  2. Second Form
                    1. Most of the time, you just stick an "-ed" on the ends of unsuspecting verbs to coerce them into a life of servitude as second form citizens. What's wonderful about the second form is that it's the same no matter whom you're talking about.
                    2. Third From
                      1. You need to remember everything when it comes to third form verbs. Some third forms are identical to their first forms, some to their second forms, and some add an "-en" at their ends. Also, just to make everything a little more difficult, the third form often needs a helping verb that's conjugated appropriately.
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