Factors influencing independence

jenny_allen
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

India Mind Map on Factors influencing independence, created by jenny_allen on 05/02/2013.

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jenny_allen
Created by jenny_allen over 6 years ago
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Factors influencing independence
1 GANDHI/CONGRESS
1.1 Quit India Campaign 1942
1.1.1 Congress sanction 8th August.
1.2 Congress demand complete independence - 20th March 1940
1.3 Congress working committee - declares it will not support British in war unless self determination granted to India.
1.4 Independence Act 1947
1.5 1920 non-cooperation - Gandhi declared Swaraj within 1 year.
2 PRESSURE FROM THE US
2.1 Atlantic Charter 1941 - Churchill and Roosevelt support self government.
3 WW1
3.1 Congress argues service in war demands reward
3.1.1 Government of India Act 1919
3.1.2 Lucknow Pact 1916
4 WW2
4.1 British losses - not enough men to run empire.
4.2 Bose & INA
4.3 Cripps Mission - offered full Dominion status with right to leave the Empire and Commonwealth when the war was over.
5 ECONOMY
5.1 Running British Empire had increased to £1400 million per year (post war)
5.1.1 Gov. had raised wages of Indian soldiers which added more than £50 million per year to war debt.
6 GOVERNMENT ACTS
6.1 Government of India Act 1937 - eventual federation at national level.
6.2 Independence Act 1947 - remove British involvement in India.
6.3 Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms (becomes law in Government of India Act 1919) - self government promised in the future.
7 FEAR OF UNREST/COMMUNAL VIOLENCE
7.1 Calcutta Killings 1946
8 LABOUR GOVERNMENT
8.1 Comes to power in the UK July 1945.
8.2 Interim government takes power - 2nd September 1946.
9 MUSLIM LEAGUE
9.1 Lucknow Pact 1916 - Agreement between Congress and Muslim League to work together for self-government.

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