Core Biology (AQA)

SmashingMide
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Revision Mind Map for Core Biology with GCSE Exam Board AQA

171
9
0
Tags
SmashingMide
Created by SmashingMide over 5 years ago
GCSE Biology AQA
isabellabeaumont
GCSE Biology B2 (OCR)
Usman Rauf
GCSE Biology - Homeostasis and Classification Flashcards
Beth Coiley
Global History Regents Review Notes (Europe)
Jen Molte
Modals & semi-modals
Abeer Alqahtani
Enzymes and Respiration
I Turner
Biology- Genes and Variation
Laura Perry
enzymes and the organ system
Nour
GCSE AQA Biology 1 Quiz
Lilac Potato
GCSE AQA Biology - Unit 2
James Jolliffe
Core Biology (AQA)
1 Cause of Dieases
1.1 Infectious Dieases
1.1.1 Caused by Pathogens (Bacteria, Fungi, Virus, Protozoa)
1.1.2 Can be transferred from person to person
1.1.2.1 Contact
1.1.2.2 Spreading (e.g Sneezing)
1.1.2.3 Food and Water
1.1.3 Examples
1.1.3.1 Flu
1.1.3.2 Wooping Cough
1.1.3.3 Measles
1.1.3.4 HIV/Aids
1.2 Non-infectious Dieases
1.2.1 Can not be transferred
1.2.2 Can be caused by
1.2.2.1 Genetic Disorders
1.2.2.1.1 Cancer
1.2.2.1.2 Tumors
1.2.2.2 Man-made/Enviromental via
1.2.2.2.1 Diet
1.2.2.2.2 Surroundings
2 Fighting Infections
2.1 Ignaz Semmelweis
2.1.1 Research
2.1.1.1 Looking Into Deaths in Hospitals
2.1.1.2 Nurses and Doctors didn't wash hands
2.1.2 What he did?
2.1.2.1 Germ Theory
2.1.2.1.1 Developed by Lister and Pasteur
2.1.2.2 Antiseptics
2.2 Antibiotics
2.2.1 Developed to kill pathogens
2.2.2 Powerful Medicens
2.2.3 Positives
2.2.3.1 Quick Treatment for illness
2.2.3.2 Multiple antibiotics for multiple illness
2.2.4 Negatives
2.2.4.1 Creates resistant pathogens
2.2.4.2 Can't kill of viruses
2.2.4.3 Prevents development of Immune System
2.2.5 Superbugs (Resistant bacteria)
2.2.5.1 Resistant to Antibiotics
2.2.5.2 Can be caused by overuse of antibiotics
2.2.5.3 How does it occur
2.2.5.3.1 Natural Occurrence of Resistants
2.2.5.3.2 Evolution after taking antibiotics
2.2.5.4 How to Prevent
2.2.5.4.1 Finish taking all antibiotics
2.2.5.4.2 Don't take antibiotics for minor illnesses
2.3 Research against Micro-Organisms
2.3.1 Safety
2.3.1.1 Sterilization
2.3.1.2 Incubation
2.3.2 Keywords
2.3.2.1 Agar Jelly
2.3.2.2 Antibiotics
2.3.2.3 Antifungal
2.3.2.4 Antiseptic
3 Diet and Exercise
3.1 Vitamins and Minerals
3.1.1 Vitamin C
3.1.2 Vitamin D
3.1.3 Vitamin B
3.1.4 Calcium
3.1.5 Iron
3.2 What humans need in diet
3.2.1 Minerals
3.2.2 Vitamins
3.2.3 Fibre
3.2.4 Water
3.2.5 Carbohydrates
3.2.6 Fats
3.2.7 Protiens
3.3 Deficiency
3.3.1 Lack of energy causes malnourishment
3.3.1.1 Too Fat
3.3.1.2 Too Thin
3.3.2 Symptoms
3.3.2.1 Drowsiness
3.3.2.2 Fainting
3.3.2.3 Physical wear on body
3.4 Metabolic Rate
3.4.1 Chemical Reactions in body = Metabolism
3.4.1.1 Rate at which chemical reactions take place = metabolic rate
3.4.2 Factors
3.4.2.1 Taller = Higher Rate
3.4.2.2 Natural Inheritance
3.4.2.3 Overweight = Higher Rate
4 Immunity and Immunisation
4.1 Barriers
4.1.1 Skin
4.1.2 Tears
4.1.3 Blood Clotting
4.1.4 Stomach Acid
4.1.5 Mucus
4.2 White Blood Cells
4.2.1 Phagocytes - Ingest
4.2.2 Lymphocytes - Produce antbodies/antitoxins
4.2.2.1 Antibodies
4.2.2.1.1 Each Pathogens has antigens
4.2.2.1.2 Made of proteins
4.2.2.1.3 Created by Immune System
4.3 Immunisation
4.3.1 Vaccinations
4.3.1.1 Add dead/inactive pathogen
4.3.1.1.1 Immune System works against the vaccination
4.3.1.1.1.1 Now Protected against real/live

Media attachments