UTILITARIANISM - "The greatest happiness for the greatest number"

j.donaldson97
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A Levels Ethics (Utilitarianism) Mind Map on UTILITARIANISM - "The greatest happiness for the greatest number", created by j.donaldson97 on 03/28/2014.
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UTILITARIANISM - "The greatest happiness for the greatest number"
1 ACT
1.1 Created by Bentham
1.1.1 Bentham was called a HEDONIST - This is because he said the rightness or the wrongness of an action could be judged by its consequences.
1.1.1.1 HE BELIVIES YOUR MOTIVES DO NOT MATTER
1.1.1.1.1 "GOOD CONSEQUENCES BRING ABOUT PLEASURE. BAD CONSEQUENCES BRING ABOUT PAIN"
1.2 Bentham thought pleasure could be measured/quantified. Due to this he devised the hedonic calculus
1.2.1 THE HEDONIC CALCULUS
1.2.1.1 The intensity of the pleasure
1.2.1.2 Duartion of the pleasure
1.2.1.3 Certainty of the pleasure
1.2.1.4 How near the pleasure is to you
1.2.1.5 How continous the pleasure is
1.2.1.6 Likeliness of pain and pleasure mixed together
1.2.1.7 How widespread the pleasure is
2 RULE
2.1 CREATED BY JOHN STUART MLL
2.1.1 MILL THOUGH THE QUANTITY OF PLEASURE SHOULD BE MEASURED, AS WELL AS THE QUANTITY
2.2 Mill criticed Benthams theory calling it SWINE. This is because he did not believe "ALL PLEASURES WERE OF EQUAL WEIGHT"
2.2.1 Mill compares humans to pigs. He says both humans and pigs experience lower pleasures, but only humans experience higher.
2.2.1.1 Even when humans are bored or experience dissatisfaction, you would still prefer to be a human not a pig.
2.3 HE DID NOT BELIEVE ALL PLEASURES WERE OF EQUAL WEIGHT - He distinguised two types of pleasures.
2.3.1 Lower pleasures
2.3.1.1 These are pleasures shared with animals
2.3.1.1.1 EATING
2.3.1.1.2 SLEEPING
2.3.1.1.3 SEX
2.3.2 Higher pleasures
2.3.2.1 These are pleasures only humans have
2.3.2.1.1 RELATIONSHIPS
2.3.2.1.2 IMAGINIATION
2.3.2.1.3 RATIONAL THOUGHTS
2.4 SECONDARY PRINCIPLES
2.4.1 MILL SAYS HAPPINESS IS TO COMPLEX AND OF AN INDEFINITE STANDARD TO APPLY TO HUMAN ACTIONS -
2.4.1.1 As humans we already know which actions produce happiness for society - e.g moral laws : do not steal --- MILL CALLED THESE SECONDARY PRINCIPLES
2.4.1.1.1 HOWEVER - if two secondary principles came into conflict he believs you should fall back onto the principle of utility.
2.4.1.1.1.1 Something which makes the most happiness.
3 This theory is:
3.1 RELATIVE
3.2 SUBJECTIVE
3.3 TELELOGICAL
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