Eastern European Migration

Jodie Goodacre
Mind Map by Jodie Goodacre, updated more than 1 year ago
Jodie Goodacre
Created by Jodie Goodacre almost 7 years ago
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A-Levels Geography (Going Global) Mind Map on Eastern European Migration, created by Jodie Goodacre on 05/04/2013.
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Eastern European Migration
1 Eight Eastern European member countries joined the EU of May 1st 2004
1.1 A8 countries
1.2 Czech Republic
1.3 Estonia
1.4 Hungary
1.5 Latvia
1.6 Lithuania
1.7 Poland
1.8 Slovenia
1.9 Slovakia
2 UK guest work force has steadily risen since 2004
2.1 However slowed down by 2007
2.1.1 Possibly due to the UK credit crunch
3 8% migrants in Scotland
4 4% Migrants in Northern Ireland
5 10% migrants in Northeast England
6 19% migrants in Northern England
7 3% migrants in Wales
8 12% migrants in Midlands
9 15% of migrants in Eastern England
10 13% migrants in London
11 7% migrants in Southeast England
12 9% migrants in Southwest England
13 In Tesco there is now an aisle especially for Polish Produce
14 The EU has an open border policy for trade and people
15 The Schengen agreement was set up in 1995
16 Over 200,000 immigrants arrived in the UK in 2004-5
17 Eastern Europeans get paid on average £6 an hour
18 In 2005, unemployment in Poland was 18.5% with some rural area's over 40%
19 UK is not a Schengen member
20 UKs unemployment rate is only 5.1%
21 Poland GDP is $12,700
22 UK GDP is $30,900
23 £2.54 billion is contributed to the economy annually by Eastern European immigrants in the UK
24 Migrants have contributed 0.5 to 1% of the UKs economic growth in 2005-6
25 80% of new migrants are working people between the ages of 18 and 35
26 The bank of England stated that migration had helped to prevent the rapid rise in oil prices from causing a damaging surge of inflation
27 Push factors
27.1 Unemployment
27.2 Lack of safety
27.3 Lack of services
27.4 Poverty
27.5 Crop failure
27.6 Drought
27.7 War/Civil unrest
27.8 Hazards
27.9 Isolation
27.10 Population pressure
27.11 Poor infrastructure
27.12 Bad education
27.13 Poor health care
27.14 Poor weather
27.15 Rising crime
28 Pull factors
28.1 In 2004, A8 countries were not given the right of free movement except by the UK, Ireland and Sweden
28.2 The developed economy of the UK is a magnet for migrants seeking work and opportunities
28.3 A growing, low-unemployed economy
28.4 Higher education
28.5 Greater wealth
28.6 Better standard of living
28.7 Fertile land
29 Source Country
29.1 Benefits
29.1.1 Remittances: Workers send 25% of earnings home - Poland sent home 6.4 million euros in 2006
29.1.1.1 Unemployment may be reduced
29.1.2 Higher wages, A8 migrants average £6 per house
29.1.3 Skills can be taken back home
29.1.4 Working A8 migrants abroad do not need benefit payments
29.1.5 Less pressure on resources
29.2 Costs
29.2.1 Loss of work force
29.2.2 Brain drain
29.2.3 Skills shortages
29.2.4 Ageing and reduced fertility
29.2.5 Most migrants are young males creating inbalance
29.2.6 Some workers are exploited
29.2.7 Breaks up families
29.2.8 Economic growth may slow
30 Host Country
30.1 Benefits
30.1.1 Skills gaps
30.1.2 Economic turnaround
30.1.3 Business opportunities
30.1.4 Counteracts aging if migrants have children
30.1.5 Multi- cultural society
30.1.6 Reduces wage inflation
30.2 Costs
30.2.1 Social/Cultural tensions
30.2.2 A rise in low-level cultural unfamiliarity
30.2.3 Downward pressure of wages
30.2.4 Pressure on local schools and NHS
30.2.5 Reduces wages for domestic workers
30.2.6 Low skilled migrants need training
30.2.7 Increased population density and higher pollution levels
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