Abraham, a men, is the ancestor of the Israelites. He and his family migrated to Canaan became farmers.
About 1800 B.C.E., Moses, one of the leader, led the Israelites escape from the attack from Egypt.
By 1000 B.C.E., Israelites set up the kingdom in Canaan. it was ruled by King Saul, then by King David, and finally by David's son, King Solomon
1.1 Jewish beliefs
220.127.116.11 Believed in one God
18.104.22.168 Believed in a solemn duty to honor and obey God.
22.214.171.124 Feeling a personal relationship with God
126.96.36.199 Speak to God through payer
1.1.2 Following God's Law
188.8.131.52 The Torah instructs Jew lead a life that pleases God
184.108.40.206 Judaism's oldest laws are the Ten Commandments
220.127.116.11.1 Tell the Jews how to honor God
For example, one commandment tells Jews to set aside a holy day, the Sabbath, every week
18.104.22.168 Jewish religious leaders developed a set of laws
For example, there were rules about how to prepare food and what food should be avoided.
1.1.3 Equality and Social Justice
22.214.171.124 Judaism teaches that all people who keep the laws are equal in God's sight
Belief in equality goes hand in hand a concern for social justice.
126.96.36.199 Torah teach about treating everyone fairly
For example, "You shall open wide your hand to your brother
1.2 Preserving the Teachings
1.2.1 Rabbi Yohanan ben Zaccai
188.8.131.52 helped preserve Judaism
When the revolt against Rome began in 66 C.E., ben Zakkai feared for the future of Judaism. He worried that if the rabbis died in the fighting and the Temple were destroyed, Judaism might not survive.
184.108.40.206 center of Jewish learning
At their school, ben Zakkai and the other rabbis educated new rabbis. Teachers came from many places to study at Yavneh.
1.2.2 New Teachers and Practices
The rabbis made the synagogue important. A synagogue is a house of worship, as well as a place to study, to meet, and to gather socially. Synagogues strengthened Jewish communities.
220.127.116.11.1 Created a religious service
Prayer and study of sacred texts became a new way to worship
1.3 Jewish Leaders
18.104.22.168 Father of God
22.214.171.124 belief to the Israelites
126.96.36.199 God spoke to Abraham
telling him to move his family from Mesopotamia to Canaan, later called the Land of Israel.
188.8.131.52 Life of Abraham
184.108.40.206.1 Abraham's Covenant with God
God spoke to Abraham when he was about 75 years old. God said, "Go from your country, your people and your father's house hold to the land I will show you."
When he was 99 years old, God spoke to him again, "I will make a covenant between myself and you"
220.127.116.11.2 Abraham's Descendants
Abraham had married a women called Sarai, before he left Ur. t God promised that Abraham's wife would have a son. God gave Sarai a new name, Sarah, which means “princess.” Sahara gave the birth of Isaac. Their son Isaac and his wife Rebekah. Rebekah gave birth to Jacob.
18.104.22.168 greatest leader of the Israelites
22.214.171.124 gave Judaism its foundational teachings.
1.3.3 David and Solomon
126.96.36.199 created a united kingdom
during the reigns of King Saul, King David, King Solomon.
King David established Jerusalem as a holy city and the capital of Israel.
King Solomon built Jerusalem's great First Temple.