LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

Laura García
Mind Map by Laura García, updated more than 1 year ago
Laura García
Created by Laura García over 4 years ago
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The language and culture one same in the social life.

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LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
  1. A SOCIOCULTURAL PERSPECTIVE ON LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
    1. The Applied Linguistics
      1. Understanding of the real world through of language
        1. It builds socio cultural ways in which people communicate, create and improve their social life.
      2. Language as sociocultural resource
        1. The essence of social life is the communication
          1. Sets of communicative plans (expected or typical goals) which are constructed, shared and changed between the same members of our sociocultural groups and communities according the daily lives
            1. The plans
              1. ‘Socially constructed models for solutions of communicative problems’ (Luckmann, 1995: 181).
                1. Help us to synchronise our actions and interpretations with others and to reach a mutual understanding of what is going on (cf. Levinson, 2006b; Luckmann, 1995).
            2. "a range of possibilities, an open ended set of options in behaviour that are available to the individual in his existence as social man’ (Halliday, 1973: 49).
              1. Dialogue as the essence of language use
                1. The linguistic resources are our collective history
                  1. Open to negotiation of meanings and fulfillment of the communicative tasks.
                2. Single- and double-voiced utterances
                  1. The different uses of language embody different meanings.
                    1. According Bakhtin, only by examining our language use at particular moments of time in relation to its history can we reveal the varied ways in which we create our voices in response to the larger social and political forces shaping our worlds.
                3. Culture as sociocultural practice
                  1. The culture can be assumed as a creative, dynamic, active and evolving entity of meanings
                    1. Through of dialogue conveys of the membership of people and living in the social activity and practice
                      1. Language and culture are interdependent, being living parts of the same reality; resources and tools that enable humans to live their social and cultural changes, forming alliances and interrelationships, allowing the communicative experiences in different social contexts, making of the humans, part of a society that evolves every day.
                  2. Linguistic relativity
                    1. Understanding of the real world depends on language, which is the reflection of individual thought, linked unequivocally to the particular reality of the cultural groups to which his/her belongs.
                      1. Sapir–Whorf hypothesis posits an interdependent relationship between language and culture
                  3. The Importance Of Teaching Culture In The Foreign Language Classroom
                    1. The History OF Culture Teaching
                      1. The teaching of cultural facts and not of meanings, has left a vacuum in the understanding of the knowledge, values, thoughts and in the very essence of the cultural that is present, past and future of the real life of social groups. It has also left a nonsense in the social identity of communities.
                        1. The learner needs to take the role of the foreigner, so that he may gain insights into the values and meanings that the latter has internalised and unconsciously negotiates with the members of the society to which he belongs
                          1. Language teaching is culture teaching
                      2. What IS Culture And Why Should IT BE Taught?
                        1. Culture is a living, active and practice part of the human being, which is both material and immaterial, and essential for human existence, since it is a reflection of its evolution as a social and personal being
                          1. Bruner (1996: 3) says that ‘although meanings are “in the mind,” they have their origins and their significance in the culture in which they are created’. And he adds, ‘human beings do not terminate at their own skins; they are expressions of a culture’.
                            1. Language and culture give way and meaning to communication, that which allows us to participate and be part of the world around us, relating to other cultures, but without losing the essence of the society that forms it.
                              1. Allows the create social dialogues given way to the active and dynamic permanence of communities in the social world.
                                1. To view culture as ‘the total life way of a people [and] the social legacy the individual acquires from his group’... leads to the belief that to be human ineluctably means to be cultured. (Kallenbach & Hodges 1963: 20)
                      3. Theories
                        1. Noam Chomsky believed that children are born with all of the structures necessary to create language and that they instinctively know how to use them
                          1. Vygotsky said that language and cultural connections precede learning and cognitive development
                            1. Social interactions between people, watching and learning from others speakers, is how a child (or anyone learning a language) acquires knowledge
                            2. Jean Piaget believed that all children are born with a basis structure for language and cognition and as children develop they are able to learn more complex language and concepts
                              1. In Piaget's theory, children construct both verbal and nonverbal meaning from their environment and culture and those meanings change as children develop and mature
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