Studies (ToM)

Gemma Rose Sear
Mind Map by Gemma Rose Sear, updated more than 1 year ago
Gemma Rose Sear
Created by Gemma Rose Sear almost 7 years ago
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Developmental Mind Map on Studies (ToM), created by Gemma Rose Sear on 05/05/2013.
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Resource summary

Studies (ToM)
1 Wimmer et al 1983 - language trained chimps

Annotations:

  • True belief vs False belief
2 Piaget 1956 - 3 Mountains Task (perspective and acclusion)

Annotations:

  • Passed at age 4, but at a higher level (pass more of the time/more than 50%)
3 Hughes 1968 - Policeman task

Annotations:

  • In a 4 wall cross, hide from policeman, do not know where to hide unless they physically do it and cannot see the policeman 'if I can't see you, you can't see me'
4 Flavell et al - Appearance Reality Task

Annotations:

  • Sponge that looks like a rock, show to children at a distance, ask what it is = ROCK then let them touch it, what is it = SPONGE What did you think it was when I first showed you? Age 3/Early 4 yo --> Sponge Late 4/Age 5 yo --> Rock 
5 Theory of mind is the same regardless of who you are talking to
6 ToM = the ability to understand that others have different opinions/emotions/views of the world and that they act based upon them. (Not everyone thinks/is the same as you are)
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