Factors affecting per capita energy consumption

zizzlebee
Mind Map by zizzlebee, updated more than 1 year ago
zizzlebee
Created by zizzlebee about 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Factors affecting per capita energy consumption, created by zizzlebee on 04/19/2014.

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Factors affecting per capita energy consumption
1 Affulence
1.1 people with more money can afford to use more energy for traveling, more heating and lighting. They can also buy more energy consuming appliance and good such as TV's, dishwashers and washing machines
1.2 More energy is required to build homes in MEDCs as they require more bricks, glass, tiles and piping etc. Also they have more contents such as furniture and appliances
1.3 the prices of energy are low enough that affluent societies have little difficulty affording them and can afford to be very wasteful. Poorer societies more not be able to afford much and this may hinder their development
2 Relative cost of energy
2.1 Where energy is locally abundant, easy to extract or not heavily taxed it is relativley cheap
2.1.1 petrol is much cheaper in the USA than the UK, which means that it can be used more for the same price
2.2 Conservation of energy is likely to a lower priority if energy is relatively cheap
3 Level of industry
3.1 industrialised countries use a lot more energy in the processing and transportation of goods
3.2 Energy is needed for the construction, heating, lighting and lighting of the buildings and the manufacture of the equipment used
3.3 People working in industry will also use more energy than those working in the rural sector e.g agriculture
4 Type of indusrty
4.1 different types of industry require different amounts of energy.
4.1.1 Heavy primary industries such as aluminium, extract and chemically process materials, which requires the most energy
4.1.1.1 the maufacturing of fertilsers also requires large amounts of energy as the Haber process is involved
5 Social and environmental awareness
5.1 Countries that have always had problems with energy supplies such as Denmark and Norway have cultural traditions of using energy resources carefully
5.2 In the UK, abundance of coal has made us use energy wastefully. The discovery of North sea oil and gas has extended our extravagent use of energy as coal declines.
6 Climate
6.1 Areas with cold winter require more heating while hot climates may need cooling
6.1.1 Good building design can reduce the need for energy to power heating systems and air conditioning
6.2 Windy weather increases heat loss, sunny weather increases passive solar heat gains
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