1.1 seen as the figurehead for the fight for independence,
linked to INC. seen by peasants as godlike. hugely
popular, raised support for several INC movements such
as the non-cooperation movement and civil
1.2 The untouchables should not have separate electorates
1.2.1 it would damage
Hinduism as the
untouchables are Hindu
1.2.2 any reform will come because those who oppress will realise it is
wrong and reform their own conduct
1.2.3 Harijan: sins of the upper class: solution
could only ever be a matter of the
1.3 dont ned laws if everyone is striving for
good conduct constantly
1.4 caste cannot be abolished, it is
religion, not institution. If abandoned
people will not listen.
2.1 indian jurist, politician, philosopher. Belonged to the Mahar caste:
treated as untouchables and socio-economic discrimination.
2.2 1897 moved to Bombay.
only untouchables enrolled
in Elphinstone High School,
Degree in Economics and
2.3 1913, moved to US. PhD in Economics in 1917.
2.4 Fights for seperate electorate
2.5 wanted separation
and recognition for
this in the
seats in all
2.6 Joint electorate? Hindus are majority, so never a
representative who will serve the untouchables interests
2.7 if not given separate
political situation of the
untouchables will never
change - rigid not fluid.
2.8 Hindus maintain the oppression of the
untouchables. Want control over their lives.
2.9 if society is ineuqual and divided, our politics and
constitution should be too