The Second Reich, 1900-1919

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A Levels History Mind Map on The Second Reich, 1900-1919, created by MaddyTalbot on 05/13/2014.

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Created by MaddyTalbot over 5 years ago
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The Second Reich, 1900-1919
1 Constitution
1.1 Chancellor and the ministers
1.1.1 Responsible for presenting legislation to Parliament
1.1.2 Not accountable to Parliament, only to the Kaiser
1.1.3 Kaiser Wilhelm II tended to appoint Prussian aristocracy, Junkers
1.2 The Reichstag
1.2.1 Democractic element of German constitution Members were elected All men over the age of 25 had the right to vote
1.3 The Bundestrat (Federal council)
1.4 The federal state
1.5 The army
1.5.1 Accountable only to the Kaiser, swore oath of allegiance to him and not the government
2 Economics
2.1 Economic growth
2.1.1 Economy expanded by 4.5% a year Coal and Iron production almost doubled
2.2 New industries
2.2.1 New innovative technologies Chemicals, pharmaceuticals, electrics and motor manufacture
2.2.2 Germany produced over 50% of the worlds electrical goods
2.3 An industrial economy
2.4 Improved transport infrastructure
2.5 Social consequences
2.5.1 Urbanisation 1900, 60% population lived in urban areas Overcrowding and homelessness
2.5.2 Poor standards of living Discontent saw boom in membership of trade unions Over 3 million were members by 1913
2.5.3 Class tensions
3 Political developments
4 First World War, 1914-18
4.1 Economic impact
4.1.1 War bonds
4.1.2 Money was printed Inflation
4.1.3 The mark Declined in value by 75% between 1913 and 1918
4.2 Social impact
4.2.1 2 million killed, 6.3 million injured
4.2.2 Living standards fell by 20-30%
4.2.3 Turnip winter of 1917
4.2.4 Spanish flu pandemic in 1918
4.3 Political impact
4.3.1 Initial unity Growing disunity The 'silent dictatorship' Kaiser sidelined by military 1916, Hiddenburg and Ludendorff
4.4 'Stab in the back myth'
5 German Revolution, 1918-1919
6 German unification, 1971
6.1 Following Prussia's victory in the Franco-Prussian war 1870
7 The Kaiser
7.1 Had to be a Prussian monarch
7.2 Sovereign in the Second Reich
7.3 Commander-in-Chief of the army
7.4 In charge of foreign policy
7.5 Could dismiss and appoint Chancellors
7.6 Could dissolve the Reichstag
7.7 President of the Bundesrat
7.8 Kaiser Wilhelm II from 1888 to 1918

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