The Gold Rushes and Miners

nicola.98
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

GCSE History (American West) Mind Map on The Gold Rushes and Miners, created by nicola.98 on 05/21/2014.

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nicola.98
Created by nicola.98 over 5 years ago
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The Gold Rushes and Miners
1 The 1848 Gold Rush
1.1 Gold discovered in California, 1848
1.1.1 Sutters Fort
1.1.2 James Marshall
1.2 90,000 went west by 1849
1.2.1 Nicknamed the 49ers
1.2.2 60 ships went west
1.3 Mining Towns
1.3.1 Unplanned
1.3.1.1 Sprung up
1.3.2 Filthy shacks
1.3.2.1 Poor quality
1.3.3 Countless diseases
1.3.3.1 Dysentary
1.3.3.2 Scurvey
1.3.3.3 Typhoid
1.3.3.4 Cholera
1.3.4 Lots of crime
1.3.5 Just men, no families
1.4 Why go?
1.4.1 Find gold
1.4.2 Get rich
1.4.3 Support families
1.5 After the gold ran out, everyone went home
1.6 Hardly any actually found gold
2 The 1858 Gold Rush
2.1 Professional miners, from Cornwall
2.2 Built permanent, more sanitary towns
2.2.1 Brought their families and wives
2.3 Quality of towns improved
3 Equipment
3.1 A hat
3.1.1 Protection from the sun
3.2 A tent
3.2.1 Camp close to mines
3.3 Pick axe
3.3.1 Breaking up rock
3.4 Boots
3.4.1 Keeping dry
3.5 Sieve/pan
3.5.1 Sieving/panning for gold
3.6 Buckets
3.6.1 Collect soil/water to sieve
3.7 Shovel
3.7.1 Dig soil
3.7.2 Dig for gold
4 Law and Order
4.1 No proper law
4.1.1 Towns sprung up too quickly
4.1.2 Law enforcers couldn't get there quickly enough
4.1.3 Mining courts
4.1.3.1 Quick
4.1.3.2 Rarely fair justice
4.1.4 Vigilantes
4.1.4.1 People took law into their own hands
4.1.4.1.1 Commonly lynched people
4.2 Crimes
4.2.1 Robbery
4.2.2 Racial attacks
4.2.3 Fights
4.2.4 Mainly Claim Jumping
4.2.4.1 Stealing other's land
4.2.5 Vigilantes
4.2.5.1 Enter text here
4.3 Bannack, Montana
4.3.1 Terrorised by a gang of 100 men
4.3.2 Became clear Sheriff Henry Plumber was the gang leader
4.3.2.1 Vigilantes lynched him

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