Britain at war

Matthew T
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A mind map summarising all the key details of the Home Front and the final stages of WW2 for EdExcel GCSE History A Unit 3: Modern World Source Enquiry - War and the transformation of British society 1931-51.

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Matthew T
Created by Matthew T over 5 years ago
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Britain at war
1 Censorship and propaganda
1.1 Led by Ministry of Information
1.2 Mass Observation monitored public opinion
1.3 Propaganda
1.3.1 Encouraged joining voluntary services
1.3.2 Warned of careless talk
1.3.3 Encouraged thrift + discouraged wasting resources
1.4 Censorship
1.4.1 Newspapers to raise morale
1.4.2 Daily Worker banned 1941
2 Rationing
2.1 At beginning, only food for 1 in 3
2.2 U-boats stopped imports
2.3 Ration books + coupons Jan 1940
2.4 Points system introduced
2.5 Lord Woolton produced recipes to make food with rations (Woolton pie)
2.6 Butter, bacon, sugar first
2.7 Vegetables not rationed
2.8 Food grown wherever possible
3 Women
3.1 Work
3.1.1 Male conscription led to vacancies
3.1.2 Filled voluntarily at first - conscription 1941
3.1.3 57% workers female, 9 in 10 single women in work by 1943
3.1.4 Munitions common
3.1.5 80,000 in Women's Land Army - agricultural work (basic)
3.2 Armed forces
3.2.1 Auxiliary Territorial Service
3.2.2 Women's Auxiliary Air Force
3.2.3 Women's Royal Naval Service
3.2.4 Special Operations Executive
3.2.5 Use of radar, searchlights, mapping, reconnaissance missions etc.
3.3 Effects
3.3.1 More freedom
3.3.2 More employment
3.3.3 No equal pay (Equal Pay Commission no power)
3.3.4 Ministry of Health refused to set up nurseries
3.3.5 Return to traditional values after war
4 D-Day, 6 Jun 1944
4.1 British, American, Canadian troops landed on beaches in Normandy
4.2 Sword, Juno, Gold - British + Canadian, Omaha + Utah - American
4.3 Reached Paris in 6 weeks
4.4 Reasons for success
4.4.1 Thorough planning since 1942, Mulberry harbours + Pluto pipeline in place
4.4.2 Decoy bombings in Calais to deter Hitler
4.4.3 Air control to escort fleet
4.4.4 Panzers forbidden to oppose invasion
5 Defeat of Germany
5.1 Eastern Front - Soviets pushed back Germans after Leningrad; May 1945 Berlin captured
5.2 Americans advanced on a broad front
5.3 Operation Market Garden (sending paratroopers) failed - Arnhem was not captured due to logistical problems
5.4 Battle of Bulge Dec 1944 - Germans nearly made a breakthrough but were defeated
5.5 Surrender 8 May 1945

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