Human Biology 2A

sissysezza
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Year 11 Human Biology 2A/B Mind Map on Human Biology 2A, created by sissysezza on 05/30/2014.

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sissysezza
Created by sissysezza over 5 years ago
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Human Biology 2A
1 Scientific Methoc
1.1 Hypotheses
1.2 Experimental Errors
1.2.1 Human Error
1.2.2 Random Error
1.2.3 Systematic Errors
1.3 Ethics
1.3.1 Ethical Behaviour
1.3.2 Ethical Standards
1.3.2.1 voluntary participation
1.3.2.2 informed consent
1.3.2.3 risk of harm
1.3.2.4 confideniality
1.3.2.5 anonymity
1.4 Variables
1.4.1 independant
1.4.2 dependant
1.4.3 uncontrolled
1.4.4 controlled
1.5 Placebos
1.5.1 The Placebo Effect
2 Cells Exchange Materials
2.1 Cell Requirements
2.1.1 tissue fluid
2.1.2 homeostatsis environment
2.2 cell theory
2.3 Cell Membrane
2.3.1 structure of cell membrane
2.3.2 transport across cell membrane
2.3.2.1 differentially permeable
2.3.2.2 permeable
2.3.2.3 processes
2.3.2.3.1 active
2.3.2.3.1.1 vesicular transport
2.3.2.3.1.1.1 vesicles
2.3.2.3.1.1.2 endocytosis
2.3.2.3.1.1.2.1 phagocytosis
2.3.2.3.1.1.2.2 pinocytosis
2.3.2.3.1.1.3 exocytosis
2.3.2.3.2 passive
2.3.2.3.2.1 diffusion
2.3.2.3.2.1.1 osmosis
2.3.2.3.2.1.1.1 Osmotic Pressure
2.3.2.3.2.1.2 diffusion gradient
2.3.2.3.2.1.3 concentration gradient
2.3.2.3.3 Carrier mediated
2.3.2.3.3.1 facilitated diffusion
2.3.2.3.3.2 active transport
2.4 cell size
2.4.1 surface area/ volume ratio
2.5 Cell Structure
2.5.1 cytoplasm
2.5.2 organelles
2.5.2.1 centrioles
2.5.2.2 ER
2.5.2.2.1 smooth
2.5.2.2.2 rough
2.5.2.3 golgo appartus
2.5.2.4 mitochrondria
2.5.2.5 ribosomes
2.5.2.6 nucleus
2.5.2.6.1 nuclear membrane
2.5.2.6.1.1 nuclear pores
2.5.2.6.2 nucleoplasm
2.5.2.6.3 nucleolus
2.5.2.7 cytosketelon
3 DNA
3.1 Structure of DNA
3.1.1 chromatin
3.1.1.1 chromosomes
3.1.1.1.1 genes
3.1.1.1.1.1 genetic code
3.1.2 histones
3.1.3 double helix
3.1.3.1 phosphate back bone
3.1.3.2 complementary base pairing
3.2 replication of DNA
3.3 Role of DNA
3.3.1 protein synthesis
3.3.1.1 gene expression
3.3.2 lipid and carbohydrate synthesis
3.3.3 types of nucleic acids
3.3.3.1 DNA
3.3.3.1.1 nDNA
3.3.3.1.2 mtDNA
3.3.3.2 RNA
3.3.3.2.1 mRNA
3.3.3.2.2 tRNA
3.4 Mitochrondrial DNA
3.4.1 inheritance of mtDNA
3.5 difference between nDNA and mtDNA
4 Cell Metabolism
4.1 anabolism
4.2 catabolism
4.3 enzymes
4.3.1 activation site
4.3.2 activation energy
4.3.3 substrate
4.3.4 lock and key diagram
4.3.5 factors affecting enzyme activity
4.3.5.1 concentration
4.3.5.2 temperature
4.3.5.3 pH levels
4.3.5.4 co-factors
4.3.5.4.1 co-enzymes
4.4 cellular respiration
4.4.1 energy
4.4.1.1 ATP
4.4.1.1.1 uses of energy discount
4.4.1.2 ADP
4.4.2 aerobic resp.
4.4.2.1 ETS
4.4.2.2 Kreb's Cycle
4.4.3 Anaerobic resp.
4.4.3.1 oxygen debt
4.5 synthesis
4.6 nutrients
4.6.1 water
4.6.2 carbs
4.6.3 lipids
4.6.4 proteins
4.6.5 minerals
4.6.6 vitamins

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