Human Biology 2A

Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Year 11 Human Biology 2A/B Mind Map on Human Biology 2A, created by sissysezza on 05/30/2014.

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Created by sissysezza over 5 years ago
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Human Biology 2A
1 Scientific Methoc
1.1 Hypotheses
1.2 Experimental Errors
1.2.1 Human Error
1.2.2 Random Error
1.2.3 Systematic Errors
1.3 Ethics
1.3.1 Ethical Behaviour
1.3.2 Ethical Standards voluntary participation informed consent risk of harm confideniality anonymity
1.4 Variables
1.4.1 independant
1.4.2 dependant
1.4.3 uncontrolled
1.4.4 controlled
1.5 Placebos
1.5.1 The Placebo Effect
2 Cells Exchange Materials
2.1 Cell Requirements
2.1.1 tissue fluid
2.1.2 homeostatsis environment
2.2 cell theory
2.3 Cell Membrane
2.3.1 structure of cell membrane
2.3.2 transport across cell membrane differentially permeable permeable processes active vesicular transport vesicles endocytosis phagocytosis pinocytosis exocytosis passive diffusion osmosis Osmotic Pressure diffusion gradient concentration gradient Carrier mediated facilitated diffusion active transport
2.4 cell size
2.4.1 surface area/ volume ratio
2.5 Cell Structure
2.5.1 cytoplasm
2.5.2 organelles centrioles ER smooth rough golgo appartus mitochrondria ribosomes nucleus nuclear membrane nuclear pores nucleoplasm nucleolus cytosketelon
3.1 Structure of DNA
3.1.1 chromatin chromosomes genes genetic code
3.1.2 histones
3.1.3 double helix phosphate back bone complementary base pairing
3.2 replication of DNA
3.3 Role of DNA
3.3.1 protein synthesis gene expression
3.3.2 lipid and carbohydrate synthesis
3.3.3 types of nucleic acids DNA nDNA mtDNA RNA mRNA tRNA
3.4 Mitochrondrial DNA
3.4.1 inheritance of mtDNA
3.5 difference between nDNA and mtDNA
4 Cell Metabolism
4.1 anabolism
4.2 catabolism
4.3 enzymes
4.3.1 activation site
4.3.2 activation energy
4.3.3 substrate
4.3.4 lock and key diagram
4.3.5 factors affecting enzyme activity concentration temperature pH levels co-factors co-enzymes
4.4 cellular respiration
4.4.1 energy ATP uses of energy discount ADP
4.4.2 aerobic resp. ETS Kreb's Cycle
4.4.3 Anaerobic resp. oxygen debt
4.5 synthesis
4.6 nutrients
4.6.1 water
4.6.2 carbs
4.6.3 lipids
4.6.4 proteins
4.6.5 minerals
4.6.6 vitamins

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