Social: Why does Blind Obedience occur in a prison setting?

Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

University Psychology (Synoptic) Mind Map on Social: Why does Blind Obedience occur in a prison setting?, created by aumeers16 on 05/18/2013.

Created by aumeers16 over 6 years ago
Psychology subject map
Jake Pickup
Bowlby's Theory of Attachment
Jessica Phillips
The Biological Approach to Psychology
Gabby Wood
The USA, 1919-41
The Rock Cycle
History of Psychology
Biological Psychology - Stress
Gurdev Manchanda
Psychology A1
Ellie Hughes
Memory Key words
Sammy :P
Psychology | Unit 4 | Addiction - Explanations
Social: Why does Blind Obedience occur in a prison setting?
1 Describe
1.1 Example: Abu Ghraib, horrific acts of the US military
1.1.1 2004 - evidence found of Iraqi prisoners being the subject of torture and abuse by the US milirary at Abu Ghraib prison corrupt and enjoyed making the prisoners suffer soldiers argued, they were just doing as they were told; obeying authority for the purpose of interrogation
2 Explain
2.1 could be due to dispositional behaviour;
2.1.1 result of corrupt soldiers + their individual personalities some soldiers did not participate in the aggressive behaviour, some even attempted to stop abuse still in autonomous state: down to own strength of morals
2.2 Psychological theories that explain such horrific acts and obedience:
2.2.1 In and Out groups increased hostility towards prisoners; soldiers - in group, prisoners - out group predjudice and discrimination keep groups self esteem high leads to viloence
2.2.2 Social Identity theory identified with the group; all wear the same uniform allegiance to one another deindividualised and feel less responsible for own actions also, mere existence of another group creates rivalry Sherif et al. Robbers Cave study 22 eleven 11year old boys split into two groups and even before competition, conflict arouse.
2.2.3 Behaviour was situational carrying out actions influenced by each other, more likely to follow violent orders as the group encourages one another
2.2.4 Social Power obedience due to the legitimate and coercive power the authority held
2.2.5 Blind Obedience
2.2.6 Agency theory maintain a stable society - general tendency to obey those in authority Autonomous Agentic though moral strain may show, individual gives up moral beliefs for the interests of the wider population soldiers were obeying authority Hofling et al. 21/22 nurses administered lethal dosage of astrogen

Media attachments