Created by sophiestone23 over 6 years ago
The Paris peace conference.
Treaty of Versailles 28th june 1919. David Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson and Clemenceau drew up the treaty in paris without Germany. France and Britain elt germnay should be treated harshly as they believed they were responsible for the war. The case for Germany being treated harshy was strengthened by the way the Germans treated Russia in the treaty of Brest- Litovsk 1918. The treaty stripped russia from its land and 25% of its population.
Some believed the treaty was to: Punish Germany cripple germany so it couldnt start another war. reward the winning countries. establish a just and lasting peace.
George Clemenceau aims: France had suffered a lot of damage and felt that Germany should be treated harshly because since 1987 they have had feuds. Clemenceau wanted to cripple Germany so they wouldnt start another war. The french president poincare wanted Germany broken up into smaller states but clemenceau knew Britain and France wouldnt agree.
Woodrow Wilson aims: He didnt want the treaty to be harsh because one day Germany would retaliate once they had recovered. He wanted to strengthen democracy in the defeated nation so that its leaders wouldnt cause another war. in January 1918 he published his fourteen points. He also believed in self determiantion where the people of eastern europe ruled themselves. britain and France didnt agree with some of his 14 points, for example the self determination. it wouldnt work for eastern europe to rule themselves because they are scattered around.
David Llyod George aims: he wanted Germany to be punished but not too harshly. He wanted germany to LOOSE ITS NAVY and COlONIES as they were a threat to the british empire. He didnt want Germany to seek revenge. He wanted Germany and Britain to start trading with each other again. Llyog George only won the election because he said he would make germany pay.
the objectives of the three leaders were quite different. clemenceau resented Wilsons generous attitude towards Germany. They disagreed over the Rhineland and coal fields in saar.
The terms: War guilt- Germany had to accept the blame. reperations- Germnay had to pay 6.6 billion. German territories and colonies - Germanys over sea empires was taken away.it had been one of the causes of bad relations between germany and britain before the war. former colonies became MANDATES controlled by the LON which ment bri and fra controlled them.
TOGOLAND AND CAMEROON= BRITAIN AND FRANCE.
GERMAN SOUTH WEST AFRICA- SOUTH AFRICA
RHINELAND BECAME DEMILITARIZED.
Germanys armed forces: the army was limitied to 100,000 men. Conscription was banned-soldiers had to be volunteers. Germany wasnt allowed armed vehicles, submaries or aircraft. The navy could only have 6 battleships. Rhineland became demilitarized- no soldiers or army in that area.
Germany not allowed to join LON
Clemenceau felt the treaty wasnt harsh enough. llyod george believed another war would occur because of it. wilson was disappointed with the treaty and if he was a German he wouldnt of signed it.
Treaty of st Germain 1919. Dealt with Austria. This treaty sepertated Austria from Hungary and confirmed Austria was no longer a leading power. TERITORIES were divided also: bohemia and moravia = Czechslovakia. Bosnia and Herezgovina, Croatia= Yugoslavia.Austria lost land to Italy and Poland. army was restricted to 30,000 men and was forbidden to unite with Germany. This treaty was to sort out Austrias jumbled territories as their empire had collapsed by 1918, so this treaty wasnt really punishing Austria. Italy werent happy with the treaty as they felt they should have got more money. Austria suffered severe economic problems after the war as much of their industry went to the czechs. Others suffered too because they were now a part of a foreign state.
Treaty of Neuilly 1919- Dealt with Bulgaria. Lost lands with Greece, romania and yugoslavia and its acess to the mediterrajean. Armed forces limited to 20,000 and £100 million reperations.
Treaty of Trianon 1920- dealt with Hungary. Transylyvania= Romania Slovakia, Ruthenia= czechslovakia. Slovenia, Croatia= Yugoslavia. It didnt pay reperations because its economy was so weak.
the treaty of versailes
verdicts to the treaty of versailes.
the other peace settlements