a lesson about Gandhi

Arianna Pisapia
Note by Arianna Pisapia, updated more than 1 year ago
Arianna Pisapia
Created by Arianna Pisapia almost 6 years ago
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a lesson about Gandhi

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Mohandas “Mahatma” Gandhi‘"Nonviolence is the first article of my faith. It is also the last article of my creed’----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Mohandas Gandhi was India’s most important political and spiritual leader. The Indian people called Gandhi 'Mahatma', meaning Great Soul. He is honored in India as Father of the Nation. His non-violent protests led to independence for India from the British. His beliefs and actions have inspired civil rights movements all over the world. He developed a method of action based upon the principles of courage, nonviolence and truth called Satyagraha. He is an icon of world peace. His birthday, 2nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.Gandhi was born in Gujarat, Western India, in 1869. He grew up surrounded by religious traditions of compassion, vegetarianism, and tolerance for all people. He got married at the age of 13. When he was 19, he went to London to study law. He returned to India to practice as a lawyer and then he accepted a job in South Africa. In South Africa, Gandhi faced discrimination and hardship wherever he went. He was treated as a third-class citizen by white people. As a consequence, he reflected upon social justice and the role of the British in India. He returned to India in 1915, ready to put to work the concept of passive resistance he developed in South Africa.Between 1916 and 1945, Gandhi campaigned tirelessly to set India free from British rule. He started by leading protests against British taxes and landlords, and walked across India encouraging non-cooperation with the British. He was arrested and imprisoned for creating unrest. Gandhi's fame spread all over the nation. He was assassinated in 1948. Two years later, India became an independent republic.

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