In a right-angled triangle, the cosine of an angle is the ratio of the length of the side opposite the angle to the length of the hypotenuse.
Cos(X) = A H
For example, in this triangle:
the cosine of angle A (CosA) is 0.6, because the ratio of the opposite side (3) to the hypotenuse (5) is 3/5.
Graph of cos(x):
-Note that x, the angle, is in radians, not degrees.
- Similarly to sin(x), this graph is often referred to as a wave, and has a period of 2π (after every 2π radians, the graph repeats it self)
- In fact, the graph of cos(x) is identical in shape to the sin(x) graph, just out of phase by π/2.
- This means that sin(x) = cos(x+π/2).