Unit 1 PPA - Prep of Potassium trioxalatoferrate (III)

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Note by , created almost 6 years ago

A-Levels Chemistry (PPA's) Note on Unit 1 PPA - Prep of Potassium trioxalatoferrate (III), created by snowred-orange on 05/05/2013.

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Created by snowred-orange almost 6 years ago
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Page 1

Aim  - prepare crystals of the above compound and calc the %yield

Method -Hydrated ammonium iron (II) sulphate contains pale green Fe2+ ion.This is reacted with oxalic acid.When heated, brown precipitate appears - iron(II)oxalate.Precipitate filtered off.Precipitate treated with hydrogen peroxide + potassium oxalate solution (both colourless).Hydrogen peroxide oxidises iron(II) ---> iron (III). Potassium trioxalatoferrate(III) and dark brown iron(III)hydroxide precipitate produced.More oxalic acid added, coverts solid precipitate to more potassium trioxalatoferrate.Resulting green solution filtered, left in dark cupboard. Lime green crystals appear in few days.

Evaluation - ( why yield wasn't 100% )Complex reactions - some reached equilibrium rather then completionSide reactions may have occurredImpurities in initial reactantsMass transfer lossLosses during crystallisation - some product remains in solution.

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