A fabric that is often made of Jute.
Any material made of interlacing fibers.
All natural fibers are staple fibers except for __________.
The first synthetic fiber.
Silk that comes from the fiber formed by two silk worms that spun their cocoons together in an interlocking manner.
The strongest of all fibers.
The matting together of fibers to form a web by moisture, pressure and heat.
Refers to a finished piece of fabric that can be used for varying purposes.
Short fibers, somewhat randomly arranged and loosely twisted. Typically measured in centimeters or inches
Most common type of fabric formation. The interlacing of warp and weft yarns, usually at right angles.
The lengthwise edges of the fabric.
Also called an "Unbalanced weave".
When a basket weave is regular, it is called a _______________________.
A type of weave in which the warp yarn passes over and then under the weft yarns like a plain weave, but the sequence is started slightly higher on each successive yarn. It is predominantly diagonal pattern.
Fabrics that are woven in such a way as to create loops or piles that stand out from the fabric's surface. Woven with the warp, the weft and an extra set of either warp or weft fibers.
Created with the same process as the velvet pile, except that the lifted yarns remain uncut. May be combined with the velvet pile to form "corduroy" like effect.
A decorative fabric made by weaving colored weft threads alternatively over and under the warp threads to form a pictorial or ornamental design.
A type of weave in which the extra warp and weft yarns are added to the fabric during weaving to create inlay patterns.
Extra Warp and Weft Pattern Weave
Also known as Plycloth or Pocket weave.
The kind of fabric finish that lasts until the fabric is washed or dry-cleaned.
Finishes that affect the texture and appearance of the cloth.
Also called functional finishes in which they affect the performance of the cloth.
Common finishing process for linen
An example of fabric from abaca which has undergone beetling.
A finishing process which makes use of heavily heated steel rollers at a pressure of up to 2000 pounds per square inch.
An important finish applied to wool fabrics. A pre-shrinking process which invloves the application of moisture, heat, friction and pressure.
Who discovered Mercerizing?
This finishing process is applied to fabrics for the purpose of removing the fuzz protruding fibers.
A chemical treatment designed to make a fabric bacteria-resistant.
Also called Insulated finish
Flame retardant finish
A typical example of a napped fabric.
This finish is also referred to as the drip-dry finish.
Wash and wear finish
Soil and stain resistant finish
Soluble substances which penetrate into the fabric and are fixed by a chemical action, heat or other treatment.
Oldest among the artificial dyes which have the power of neutralizing acids.
Formerly called acetate dyes, they were originally developed for acetate fibers.
Chemical used for the fabric to absorb dyes.
Fastest dyes for cotton, linen, and rayon. Most satisfactory of all dyestuffs but were considered too difficult to apply and too expensive to be practical.
Dyeing method in which the fibers are dyed before yarns are spun and woven into a fabric.
Cloth is dyed after fabrication. Also known as dip-dyeing.
Mixes dyes for fabrics made from to or more fibers so that the fibers will dye the same color.
Oldest method of printing design on fabrics.
This kind of printing makes use of chemicals to remove the colors from the fabric to create a design.
Applying one piece of fabric to another larger piece.
Often referred to as having a "watered appearance"
The skin of a fully grown cow
Leather that has undergone a type of tanning process that uses animal brains.
Leather from the skin of unborn calves.
Also known as "reconstituted leather", is composed of 90% to 100% leather fibers, bonded together with latex binders.
Corrected grain leather
Tanning solution that is based on chromium salts.
A rich Jacquard woven fabric of an all-over interwoven design of raised figures of flowers with the pattern which all are done in low relief.
Broken twill or herringbone weave giving a chevron effect, creating a design of wide V's across the width of the fabric.
A lightweight, plain weave, stiffened fabric with a low yarn count.
An unglazed chintz is called ______________.
A jacquard stripe fabric simulating silk and embroidery.
A fabric treated in a striped motif with a caustic soda solution that shrinks parts of the goods to provide the crinkled or pleated effect. Also called "Wrinkled crepe"
Intricate interlocking curvilinear pattern originating in India. It is a tear drop shaped, fancy printed pattern.
A design featuring interlinking diamond shapes of varying colors, in a diagonal checkerboard pattern.
A fabric construction in which a layer of down or fiberfill is placed between two layers of fabric then held in place by stitching or sealing.
Window type that has one or more sashes that are hinged on a vertical edge.
Window type with narrow, horizontal strips of glass that open by means of a crank to any desired angle.
Three or more windows set at an angle to each other in a recessed area.
A curved window, sometimes called a circular bay
Often called "cathedral" window. Its main characteristic is the angle at the top where the window follows the line of a slanting roof.
A shallow window set near the ceiling
An arched top window with straight panes below the arch.
Major reason for treating windows
Acoustic and noise control
Window treatment used to accent an open, airy feeling. Made of a very thin fabric and is nearest to the glass when at least two sets of curtains are used.
Window treatments that diffuse light for a little privacy and is thicker than sheers.
Also called "Black-out curtains". Used for privacy and maximum light blocking.
Fixed stationary draperies used on either side of a window with other window treatments between them.
Usually a term for informal window treatments.
Curtains that are short in length, each about the length of 1/2 height of the window in which they are to be hung. Often used in kitchens and baths.
Stretch or sash curtains
Tie back curtains
Sometimes known as brise-bise, French term roughly translated as "wind screen". Curtain is gathered and hung with two rods (top & bottom) and cannot be drawn or traversed.
Rod pocket curtains
Also called "casement curtains. The top, usually shirred,forms a pocket through which the fabric is then threaded onto a pole or rod.
Rod pocket curtain
Tie back curtain
A kind of rod pocket curtain with extra length so that the sides can be gathered with tiebacks to create multiple poufs and they often puddle on the ground.
Fabric covered shades of horizontal panels with wooden slats inserted horizontally at intervals down its entire length.
Shades that has a vertical shirring that transforms its tailored folds into soft draping scallops. Generally made of sheer or lightweight fabrics.
Shades that have deep inverted pleats that billow out into puffs along the bottom edge when its cord is being pulled.
Standard height of a hem.
Small strips of fabric attached to the head of the fabric.
Tie top curtains
Also known as Grommets. Have metal grommets fixed onto the head of the curtain at regular intervals.
In a shirring header, there should be ____________ times as much fabric as the length of the rod for added fullness.
Header that starts out looking like pencil pleats and when stitched together, form x diamond patterns.
Also known as Pinch pleats. Composed of three folds , most often used in standard draperies.
What type of pleat is this?
What is the standard width of each fold of a cartridge pleat?
2" - 2 1/2"
1 1/2" - 2"
1" - 1 1/2"
2 1/2" - 3"
Blinds that are usually made of lightweight metal, which is coated with paint. It has 2" wide slats held together by a 1" wide cotton braid ladder.
Made of accordion pleated fabric which is raised or lowered with cords like a blind. It is permanently pleated so that when drawn up, it folds neatly into clean pleats
Plantation shutters are mainly made for ____________________
Soft horizontal treatments mounted across the tops of a window and are always made entirely of fabric.
Stiffed panel headings to curtains. Made out of wood, with edges cut either straight or curved.
Extends all the way down either side of the window as well as across the top, framing te window on three sides.
Also known as "festoon" A single or double draping of fabric across the top of the window.
What do you call this?
A narrow close-woven band or braid used for trimming draperies and upholstery. It is a heavy Gimpe.
A type of edging in which strips of material sewn between upholstery seams or drapery seams to give a finished appearance.
Small round decorative rods used to mount cafe curtains that don't have rod pickets.
Flat curtain rods
Adjustable drapery rods that allows the opening and closing of the window treatment by means of a cord and pulley.
An attachment placed at each end of a curtain rod.
A canopy resting on columns
A la Duchesse
A bed set lengthwise against the wall and surmounted by a small dome.
Oldest brick pattern; alternate layers of headers and stretchers.
Which of the following is not an example of nonporous flooring material
Reduce shrinkage in drying and firing in a ceramic tile and imparts a certain rigidity which prevents deformation.
This kind of tile has the lowest absorption level
Tile that has an absorption level of more than 3% but not more than 7%
Italian word meaning "double fired". The body of the tile passes through the kiln twice; one for the body and one for te glaze.
Type of tile that has a solid color throughout its body.
Composite material made of crushed stone bound together by a polymer resin. Used primarily in kitchen countertops.
Pretreated fabrics that are made suitable for sticking to the wall. One of the most difficult materials to work with.
LAtex coated fabrics
Semi gloss coated fabric
Substrate of laminates
First brand to introduce Laminated flooring
The predecessor to contemporary synthetic resilient flooring. Composed of oxidized linseed oil, ground cork, mineral filler and color pigments.
Man-made material usually composed of marble, dust, bauxite, acrylic or polyester resins and pigments. Frequently used for seamless countertop.
First to introduce solid surface worldwide.
Standard thickness of natural stone.
Loose unfinished stones found on the surface or in the soil.
A metamorphic rock that is considered as a luxury material and is prized for its distinctive variegated appearance.
Finish resulting from the natural face of a limestone is called ________.
Most popular and economical type of resilient flooring
Vinyl composition tile
Sheet vinyl tile
Which of the following is NOT a basic form of Solid wood?
Th widest type of Solid wood; Has a thickness of 75 -250mm (3 - 10 in.)
A kind of Block flooring made by joining short lengths of strip flooring edgewise
Thin slices of wood obtained by either peeling the trunk of a tree or by slicing large rectangular blocks of wood. Typically glued onto core panels.
Veneer pieces joined in sequence without flipping the pattern
1st used engineered wood made from thin sheets of wood veneer.
Includes a range of derivative wood products which are manufactured by binding the strands, particles, fibers or veneers of wood together with adhesives. Engineered to precise design specifications.
A type of wallpaper that can almost be described as cheap vinyls.
Most common type of wallpaper, made of paper but with a protective coat of vinyl. Printed with special inks or dyes and classified as scrubbable or strippable
Recognized under the name of Woodchip. Contains small chips of wood and is usually painted when dry and can be cheap and effective way to give any room a facelift.
Made from heavy white paper backed with another layer of ordinary wood pulp and embossed while damp so pronounced relief patterns remain when hung.
One of the oldest forms of wallpaper. Includes a raised pattern in felt, fibre, powdered silk or wool which looks like the alternate raise and flat pile pattern of velvet
A type of Fakes and Fantasies that gives a clean texture and Scandinavian feel
A Hard finish look with thin metal coating and higly reflective, usually called by the brand name "Mylar".
Wood grain paper
One of the most expensive and exclusive of Natural materials. It is dried grass woven together before being stuck to a paper backing.
Which of the following is NOT a type of Scenic paper
Type of paper used to prepare walls and ceilings for painting or papering
Cheapest type of machine production. Design is printed directly onto raw paper and the color of which forms part of the pattern.
Accounts for the largest volume of printed papers. Used with engraved metal rollers.
Uses copper-covered steel rollers photographically engraved to produce patterns that are cut into the roller by an incised pattern. Each roller carries only one color but can print varying shades of that color.
Finished described as having a polyurethane sealer applied to the surface.
Main purpose is to cover holes, cracks and other imperfections.
Overpolishing of a material will cause
Wood stain that is made from aniline dyes and mineral extracts which have been dissolved in hot water.
White shellac is obtained by _________.
Chemical used to remove old varnish to replace it with a new varnish.
The quickest, easiest and ost versatile of all the faux painting techniques.
Best type of sponge to use in spongeing.
Faux painting technique that i achieved by pulling a dry brush or combing device through wet paint to reveal fine lines or pinstripes of the base color
A type of sheen that is harder and glossier than Eggshell. Traditional choice for kitchens and bathrooms
A type of sheen that is non-reflecive and porous with a powdery feel.
Mural technique that uses water soluble paints with damp lime wash
Faux painting tecnique that creates a striated effect with paint and glaze. Creates waves, stripes or checkered patterns
Finish used to describe hi-gloss finish applied on doors or cabinetry.
Tape used for hiding connections of gypsum boards.
High strength, high density gypsum, reinforced with continuous filament glass fibers.
Glass reinforced gypsum
Panel reinforced gypsum
Fiber reinforced gypsum
Glass fiber reinforced gypsum
Which of the following is a standard size of an acoustical panel?
24" x 24"
30" x 30"
50 cm x 50 cm
45 cm x 45 cm
Metal support for the acoustical ceiling panels. Comes in an "inverted T-shape"
Suspend square or rectilinear frames that hold attached or loose laid panels. Channel or angle shaped sections are attached to the wall to support perimeter panel edges.
Exposed grid systems
Concealed grid system
Acoustic grid system
Acoustical panel system
Also known as Access flooring. An elevated flooring system comprised of panels which can be removed to give access to the area immediately beneath it.
Raised floorings are for
What kind of motif is this?
Bead and real
What motif is this?
Egg and dart
What type of ornamentation is this?
This motif is ____________
Fleur de lis
What type of molding is this?
This molding is?
Boulle is derived from
Andre Charles Boulle
Andrea Charles Boulle
Andrea Charlie Boulle
Andre Charlie Boulle
A female head and bust used at the top of a volute
An incongrous combination of monstrous animal and human forms
Ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling, vault or the lower surface of an arch or beam
A convex moulding used in classical architecture. Usually an exact quarter of a circle.
A long, semi-cylindrical stem-like form or a grouping or suck used to enrich moldings. The opposite of a fluting
A variety of brass made to imitate gold or bronze.
Consisting of enriched interlacing flat bands and forms
Spiral scroll forming the principal characteristics of the ionic capital.
A wooden lining for interior walls, usually panelled
Anornamental motif formed by a series of leaves arranged around a central point
Fiber made from corn husks
Natural product that grows like grass. It is produced from the leaves of the agave plant
Softest of all natural fibers
Most popular carpet fiber used today.
Lightest commercial fiber and is the most resistant synthetic fiber in the market today
Which does not belong to the group?
An example brand of Triacetate
Composed of the Pile. Forms the wearing surface of carpet or rugs
Quality carpets use ____________________ as secondary backing.
cotton mesh cloth
chicken wire mesh
acoustic polyurethane foam
Traditional way of making carpet on a loom. Produced by intertwining the surface pile and the backing simultaneously into an integral whole. Does not require a secondary backing
Carpet weaving process that produces carpets of more than one color, with as many as five colors possible.
Least complex and most inexpensive weaving method. Used primarily to produce solid color carpets.
Method of carpet manufacturing in which fibers were punched into a web of synthetic fiber to form a homogenized layer of fiber.
A smooth cut pile . Subject to shading and shows footmarks.
cut pile plush
AA multi-directional high pile twist giving an attractive informal look. Heavily textured surface created by the long, twisting yarns
Referred to as "round wire" in woven carpets. Created by weaving, tufting, or knitting pile yarn into loops.
A combination loop and cut pile in which some of the loops are cut and some remain uncut.
level type shear
irregular type shear
Process of actually weaving a design into a low level.
Process of incising a design into a carpet or rug which has already been woven
A type of beck dyeing that produces about 1,000 yards of dyed carpet. The carpet ends are attached to form a large loop which is submerged in a dye vat.
open beck dyeing
close beck dyeing
jet beck dyeing
plain beck dyeing
Dyeing in which spunyarns are wound on large perforated forms. Dyes are forced through perforation under heat or rpessure.
Also known as Stretch-in installation.
Polyurethane foam that is manufactured from scraps of foam bonded together through an adhesive and heat fusion process.
Most common method of commercial carpet installation. Carpet is glued directly to the floor without a cushion
direct glue down
double glue down
regular glue down
uncushioned glue down
A single piece of compact woven, knitted or tufted fabric and has borders.
Earliest surviving pile carpet
Surface yarn that makes up the face of the rug
Formed by gathering and knotting together bundles of warp strings at both ends
The background of the rug inside the borders
The widest decorative design around the outside of the rug
Originated in Glasgow, Scotland and patented in 1839. Known to be the most expensive rug-weaving method as 2 loom poreations are required
An assymetric knot. A short piece of thread is laid across the warps but one end is carried down outside and up between the 2 warp threads.
Geometric rug that is woven with sharp reds, blues and off whites
Camel's hair rug with a coarse weave in light browns, reds and blues.
A hand woven pile rug of coarse quality characterized by an abstract design that relies upon open fields of color and playfulness with geometry
A Tibetan carpet of Kelim weave, is a flat woven and reversible rug.
Shaggy wool area rugs made from Greece. In solid colors as well as natural off-white shades
Scandinavian rugs of hand-knotted shaggy weave with alternating short and long pile, in abstract or contemporary peasant designs.
Carpet seam flaw due to poor layout or stretching
A pattern that drops down to create a diagonal repeat.
Hand woven rugs with a high pile in pastel colors and floral scroll patterns. Designed for the 18th and 19th c houses and palaces.
As thick as two or three ordinary rugs