Nuclear Science Quiz

Question 1 of 10

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What is the difference between the isotopes Uranium-238 and Uranium-235?

Select one of the following:

  • Uranium-238 has three more protons.

  • Uranium-238 has three more neutrons.

  • Uranium-238 has three more electrons.

  • There is no difference.

Question 2 of 10

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An alpha particle is the same as a(n) ___.

Select one of the following:

  • helium nucleus

  • beta particle

  • hydrogen nucleus

  • electron

Question 3 of 10

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Nuclear fusion produces energy when ___.

Select one of the following:

  • two atomic nuclei combine

  • an atomic nucleus splits

  • a chemical reaction occurs

  • helium transmutes into hydrogen

Question 4 of 10

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Nuclear fission converts ___.

Select one of the following:

  • small atoms into larger atoms

  • small amounts of mass into energy

  • small amounts of energy into mass

  • small atoms into molecules

Question 5 of 10

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An unstable nucleus ____.

Select one of the following:

  • increases its nuclear mass by fission

  • expels all of its protons

  • increases its half-life

  • emits energy when it decays

Question 6 of 10

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The identity of an element, the atomic number, is determined by its number of _.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Electrons

  • Neutrons

  • Protons

Question 7 of 10

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Which radiation has the poorest penetration (lowest ionization energy) but can cause the most damage to a cell?

Select one of the following:

  • Alpha particles

  • Beta particles

  • Gamma rays

  • They all have the same strength

Question 8 of 10

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What particle is needed to complete this nuclear reaction?
222 Rn → 218 Po + ____
86 84

Select one of the following:

  • 4 α
    2

  • 0 ẞ
    -1

  • 0 γ
    0

  • 1 n
    0

Question 9 of 10

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When a uranium-235 nucleus is struck with a neutron, xenon-144 and strontium-90 nuclei are produced, along with some neutrons. How many neutrons are produced?

Select one of the following:

  • 0

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

Question 10 of 10

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The iodine-131 nuclide has a half-life of 8.0 days. If you originally have a sample containing 728-g of I-131, after 48 days you will have ___.

Select one of the following:

  • 11.4 g

  • 22.75 g

  • 6.3 g

  • 45.5 g

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Nuclear Science Quiz

daveebinkley
Quiz by , created over 2 years ago

Quiz on Nuclear Science Quiz, created by daveebinkley on 22/06/2014.

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daveebinkley
Created by daveebinkley over 2 years ago
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