National authority has greatly expanded in the twentieth century in large part because
the states and the federal government have become increasingly interdependent.
constitutional amendments have opened the way for wider application of national authority.
the state governments have shown themselves to be an ineffective level of government
the Democrats have been in control of Congress for most of the century.
Americans like the idea of "big government".
A public policy program on which national, state, and local policymakers collaborate is an example of
Fiscal federalism refers to the
coordinated fiscal policy decisions of the federal government and the states.
expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through state and local governments.
national banking system first established by Alexander Hamilton in the 1790s.
fact that both the federal government and the states have the power to tax.
ability of the states to manipulate federal decision making.
If a state accepts a federal grant-in-aid, it must
comply with federal restrictions on its use.
reimburse the federal government after a specified period.
match the funds with twice that amount in state funds.
reduce its income tax rates to adjust for the increased income.
None of these answers is correct.
Federal grants-in-aid used only for a designated activity are called
The Constitution allows states to
raise an army in peacetime.
make commercial agreements with other states without the consent of Congress.
govern intrastate commerce.
What did Reagan promote as part of his version of "new federalism"?
an increase in federal funding of state education initiatives
a reduction of the Supreme Court's role in determining the line between federal and state finance
the use of block grants over categorical grants
increased policy collaboration between states and the federal government
a reduction in federal enumerated powers
The elastic clause is related to which of the following concepts?
All these answers are correct.
Which of the following individuals would agree that each state should be allowed to determine for itself the extent to which national authority restricts its actions?
John C. Calhoun
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Which decision is indicative of how the Supreme Court interpreted the Fourteenth Amendment and state discretion in civil rights matters in the decades after the Civil War?
Brown v. Board of Education
the Dred Scott decision
Plessy v. Ferguson
McCulloch v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
Which of the following is true of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995?
All unfunded federal mandates were eliminated.
Only federal mandates affecting education were eliminated.
Only federal mandates affecting welfare assistance were eliminated.
Congress exempted federal mandates dealing with civil liberties and civil rights from elimination.
Congress exempted federal mandates dealing with the environment from elimination.
Devolution is the
passing of authority from the national government to the state and local levels
expansion of national authority that began in the 1930s.
contraction of state authority and the expansion of local government authority.
expansion of national authority that began in the 1960s.
The TANF aspect of the Welfare Reform Act
was a categorical grant that restricted federal assistance to three years but limited state discretion in how to use the funds.
was a block grant that, among other aspects, restricted federal assistance to five years
was a categorical grant that placed no time restrictions on federal assistance but dramatically limited state discretion in how to use the funds.
was a block grant with no time or activity restrictions on how to use federal funds.
ended direct federal welfare assistance to the states in grants of any form.
A(n) __________ program that had __________ at its core was instrumental in shaping provisions of the 1996 Welfare Reform Act.
California; tuition assistance
Arizona; employment reform
Wisconsin; job training and placement
Florida; a balanced budget
Texas; family block grants
All the following countries have a unitary or modified unitary form of government EXCEPT
The federal government's power to tax, regulate commerce among the states, and declare war are all examples of ________ powers.
Roughly one in every ________ dollars spent by local and state governments in recent decades was raised not by them but by the government in Washington.
The doctrine of nullification is most closely associated with
Roger B. Taney.
A blending of state and national authority is associated with ________ federalism, while a separation of national and state authority is associated with ________ federalism.