21-39Ch3

Question 1 of 20

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National authority has greatly expanded in the twentieth century in large part because

Select one of the following:

  • the states and the federal government have become increasingly interdependent.

  • constitutional amendments have opened the way for wider application of national authority.

  • the state governments have shown themselves to be an ineffective level of government

  • the Democrats have been in control of Congress for most of the century.

  • Americans like the idea of "big government".

Question 2 of 20

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A public policy program on which national, state, and local policymakers collaborate is an example of

Select one of the following:

  • dual federalism

  • cooperative federalism.

  • unitary federalism.

  • confederal federalism.

  • cosponsor federalism.

Question 3 of 20

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Fiscal federalism refers to the

Select one of the following:

  • coordinated fiscal policy decisions of the federal government and the states.

  • expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through state and local governments.

  • national banking system first established by Alexander Hamilton in the 1790s.

  • fact that both the federal government and the states have the power to tax.

  • ability of the states to manipulate federal decision making.

Question 4 of 20

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If a state accepts a federal grant-in-aid, it must

Select one of the following:

  • comply with federal restrictions on its use.

  • reimburse the federal government after a specified period.

  • match the funds with twice that amount in state funds.

  • reduce its income tax rates to adjust for the increased income.

  • None of these answers is correct.

Question 5 of 20

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Federal grants-in-aid used only for a designated activity are called

Select one of the following:

  • categorical grants.

  • block grants.

  • revenue-sharing grants.

  • targeted grants.

  • streamlined grants.

Question 6 of 20

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The Constitution allows states to

Select one of the following:

  • raise an army in peacetime.

  • print money.

  • make commercial agreements with other states without the consent of Congress.

  • govern intrastate commerce.

Question 7 of 20

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What did Reagan promote as part of his version of "new federalism"?

Select one of the following:

  • an increase in federal funding of state education initiatives

  • a reduction of the Supreme Court's role in determining the line between federal and state finance

  • the use of block grants over categorical grants

  • increased policy collaboration between states and the federal government

  • a reduction in federal enumerated powers

Question 8 of 20

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What did Reagan promote as part of his version of "new federalism"?

Select one of the following:

  • an increase in federal funding of state education initiatives

  • a reduction of the Supreme Court's role in determining the line between federal and state finance

  • the use of block grants over categorical grants

  • increased policy collaboration between states and the federal government

  • a reduction in federal enumerated powers

Question 9 of 20

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The elastic clause is related to which of the following concepts?

Select one of the following:

  • enumerated powers

  • reserved powers

  • implied powers

  • concurrent powers

  • All these answers are correct.

Question 10 of 20

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Which of the following individuals would agree that each state should be allowed to determine for itself the extent to which national authority restricts its actions?

Select one of the following:

  • John Marshall

  • John C. Calhoun

  • Lyndon Johnson

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • None of these answers is correct.

Question 11 of 20

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Which decision is indicative of how the Supreme Court interpreted the Fourteenth Amendment and state discretion in civil rights matters in the decades after the Civil War?

Select one of the following:

  • Brown v. Board of Education

  • the Dred Scott decision

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

  • McCulloch v. Maryland

  • Gibbons v. Ogden

Question 12 of 20

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Which of the following is true of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995?

Select one of the following:

  • All unfunded federal mandates were eliminated.

  • Only federal mandates affecting education were eliminated.

  • Only federal mandates affecting welfare assistance were eliminated.

  • Congress exempted federal mandates dealing with civil liberties and civil rights from elimination.

  • Congress exempted federal mandates dealing with the environment from elimination.

Question 13 of 20

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Devolution is the

Select one of the following:

  • passing of authority from the national government to the state and local levels

  • expansion of national authority that began in the 1930s.

  • contraction of state authority and the expansion of local government authority.

  • expansion of national authority that began in the 1960s.

  • None of these answers is correct.

Question 14 of 20

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The TANF aspect of the Welfare Reform Act

Select one of the following:

  • was a categorical grant that restricted federal assistance to three years but limited state discretion in how to use the funds.

  • was a block grant that, among other aspects, restricted federal assistance to five years

  • was a categorical grant that placed no time restrictions on federal assistance but dramatically limited state discretion in how to use the funds.

  • was a block grant with no time or activity restrictions on how to use federal funds.

  • ended direct federal welfare assistance to the states in grants of any form.

Question 15 of 20

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A(n) __________ program that had __________ at its core was instrumental in shaping provisions of the 1996 Welfare Reform Act.

Select one of the following:

  • California; tuition assistance

  • Arizona; employment reform

  • Wisconsin; job training and placement

  • Florida; a balanced budget

  • Texas; family block grants

Question 16 of 20

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All the following countries have a unitary or modified unitary form of government EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • Canada.

  • Sweden.

  • France.

  • Japan

  • Great Britain

Question 17 of 20

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The federal government's power to tax, regulate commerce among the states, and declare war are all examples of ________ powers.

Select one of the following:

  • reserved

  • enumerated

  • implied

  • concurrent

  • None of these answers is correct.

Question 18 of 20

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Roughly one in every ________ dollars spent by local and state governments in recent decades was raised not by them but by the government in Washington.

Select one of the following:

  • two

  • five

  • ten

  • fifty

  • one hundred

Question 19 of 20

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The doctrine of nullification is most closely associated with

Select one of the following:

  • Thomas Jefferson.

  • Andrew Jackson.

  • Roger B. Taney.

  • John C. Calhoun

  • John Marshall.

Question 20 of 20

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A blending of state and national authority is associated with ________ federalism, while a separation of national and state authority is associated with ________ federalism.

Select one of the following:

  • dual; fiscal

  • dual; cooperative

  • cooperative; dual

  • picket-fence; cooperative

  • cooperative; pyramid

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Quiz on 21-39Ch3, created by c2c0b5e2 on 29/06/2014.

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