Ch8 #1-30

Question 1 of 30

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Political parties serve to

Select one of the following:

  • link the public with its elected leaders.

  • enable people with different backgrounds and opinions to act together.

  • offer the public a choice between policies and leaders.

  • provide potential leaders an opportunity to attain public office.

  • All these answers are correct.

Question 2 of 30

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The first American political parties emerged from the conflict between

Select one of the following:

  • slave states and free states.

  • the older eastern states and the newer western states.

  • small farmers and states' rights advocates, and those favoring commercial and wealthy interests.

  • business and labor.

  • Protestants and Catholics.

Question 3 of 30

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Andrew Jackson's contribution to the development of political parties was the

Select one of the following:

  • forging of a coalition of Democrats and Whigs.

  • introduction of primary elections.

  • formation of a new type of grassroots party organization.

  • formation of the Federalist Party.

  • formation of the Republican Party.

Question 4 of 30

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Proportional representation systems encourage the formation of smaller parties by enabling parties to

Select one of the following:

  • win legislative seats even though they do not receive a majority of votes in elections.

  • receive campaign funds from government in proportion to their support in opinion polls.

  • win legislative seats by lottery for parties that have no chance of winning majority support.

  • share in patronage appointments, which serve as an incentive to lure campaign workers.

  • advertise on television.

Question 5 of 30

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Democrats and Republicans have endured as the two major U.S. parties primarily due to

Select one of the following:

  • the stability of their ideologies.

  • the lack of good third-party candidates.

  • a high degree of party discipline.

  • their ability to adapt to changing circumstances.

  • None of these answers is correct.

Question 6 of 30

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In 1912, a candidate for which minor party managed to earn more votes than one of his major party opponents?

Select one of the following:

  • Socialist

  • Prohibition

  • Bull Moose

  • Reform

  • Populist

Question 7 of 30

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If a minor party gains a large following, it is almost certain that

Select one of the following:

  • the major parties will join together to attack the minor party.

  • Congress will enact legislation to make it difficult for the minor party to get on the ballot.

  • party in-fighting will tear it apart.

  • one or both major parties will absorb its issue, and the minor party will lose support.

  • the media will attack the minor party.

Question 8 of 30

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The major reason for the persistence of the American two-party system is

Select one of the following:

  • that there are naturally only two sides to political disputes.

  • regional conflict.

  • the existence of single-member election districts.

  • the existence of state laws prohibiting the placement of a third major party on the ballot.

  • proportional representation.

Question 9 of 30

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The history of democratic government is virtually synonymous with the history of

Select one of the following:

  • high voter turnout.

  • the separation of powers.

  • economic recessions.

  • protest movements.

  • political parties.

Question 10 of 30

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All of the following are characteristic of a party realignment EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • sharp divisions between the parties.

  • enduring changes in party coalitions.

  • major policy initiatives by the winning party.

  • a very close electoral result.

  • the disruption of the existing political order.

Question 11 of 30

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Which of the following encourages the two major parties to build broad coalitions?

Select one of the following:

  • the need to raise campaign funds

  • the need to have policy "wiggle-room" once elected into power

  • the desire to avoid their policy preferences becoming hijacked by extreme elements

  • fear of demonization by the press

  • the two-party system and the need to gain a plurality

Question 12 of 30

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The issue of slavery gave birth to the ________ party as a major political party.

Select one of the following:

  • Federalist

  • Democratic

  • Republican

  • Whig

  • Populist

Question 13 of 30

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Political parties in the United States originated partly as a political feud between

Select one of the following:

  • Marshall and Adams.

  • Adams and Jackson.

  • Lincoln and Douglas.

  • Cleveland and Bryan.

  • Hamilton and Jefferson.

Question 14 of 30

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The Democratic Party's long-time regional stronghold, "the Solid South", stemmed from a realignment during which historical period?

Select one of the following:

  • Civil War era

  • 1890s

  • Great Depression

  • 1980s

  • None of these answers is correct.

Question 15 of 30

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Which of the following is an indication of strong party loyalty?

Select one of the following:

  • split-ticket voting

  • an increase in independent voters

  • straight-ticket voting

  • the influence of short-term issues and candidates

  • a focus on candidate charisma and personal style

Question 16 of 30

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Party dealignment is

Select one of the following:

  • essentially the same as party realignment.

  • a process that has discouraged the formation of third parties.

  • a process that has strengthened the major parties.

  • a process that refers to American political parties in the early 1800s.

  • None of these answers is correct.

Question 17 of 30

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Prospective voting is characterized by

Select one of the following:

  • a sudden shift in the vote from one party to another.

  • choices based on party loyalty.

  • choices based on a candidate's past performance.

  • choices based on what candidates promise to do if elected.

  • the symbolism of a candidate's personality.

Question 18 of 30

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________ is based on judgment about the past performance of an elected official or political party.

Select one of the following:

  • Prospective voting

  • Retrospective voting

  • Split-ticket voting

  • Straight-ticket voting

  • None of these answers is correct.

Question 19 of 30

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________ lost the 1964 presidential election in a landslide because his views were seen as too extreme.

Select one of the following:

  • James Weaver

  • Jimmy Carter

  • George McGovern

  • Richard Nixon

  • Barry Goldwater

Question 20 of 30

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________ does not have a competitive multiparty system.

Select one of the following:

  • Germany

  • Italy

  • The Netherlands

  • The United States

  • Sweden

Question 21 of 30

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What was especially unique about the "Era of Good Feeling"?

Select one of the following:

  • Political parties were banned.

  • President Monroe ran unopposed in 1820.

  • Jefferson's faction adopted the label "Republican".

  • The president and vice president were from competing parties.

  • Federalists won the election of 1820.

Question 22 of 30

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________ warned Americans of the "baneful effects" of factions (political parties) in his 1797 farewell address.

Select one of the following:

  • James Madison

  • Thomas Jefferson

  • George Washington

  • Andrew Jackson

  • Abraham Lincoln

Question 23 of 30

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What party has made big gains in recent decades among white fundamentalist Christians, based on its positions on topics like abortion and school prayer?

Select one of the following:

  • Democratic

  • Republican

  • Green

  • Socialist

  • Reform

Question 24 of 30

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Candidates' first priority in a close election is to

Select one of the following:

  • secure their "base voters".

  • rally the faithful and "get out the vote".

  • increase TV spending.

  • paint their opponents in a bad light.

  • win over the "swing voters".

Question 25 of 30

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Which of the following groups is most closely aligned with the Democratic Party, voting more than 80 percent Democratic in presidential elections?

Select one of the following:

  • Latino Americans

  • white Protestants

  • Christian fundamentalists

  • African Americans

  • Roman Catholics

Question 26 of 30

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Which of the following groups is NOT typically a part of the Democratic coalition?

Select one of the following:

  • city dwellers

  • Hispanics

  • union members

  • Jews

  • fundamentalist Christians

Question 27 of 30

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In twentieth-century American history, the most important minor parties were ________ parties.

Select one of the following:

  • ideological

  • single-issue

  • factional

  • reform

  • non-aligned

Question 28 of 30

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Ticket splitting was most prominent during which decade?

Select one of the following:

  • 1970s

  • 1990s

  • 1980s

  • 1960s

  • 1950s

Question 29 of 30

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________ was the only Republican elected president from 1932 to 1964.

Select one of the following:

  • Richard Nixon

  • Barry Goldwater

  • Dwight Eisenhower

  • Herbert Hoover

  • Calvin Coolidge

Question 30 of 30

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All of the following use top-two primaries EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • Oregon.

  • Washington.

  • California.

  • Nebraska.

  • Louisiana.

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Quiz on Ch8 #1-30, created by c2c0b5e2 on 05/07/2014.

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