The foundation of U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union after World War II was
Which of the following is the measure of success in an unconventional war?
winning the support of the people
enemy soldiers killed
combat units destroyed
The basis for containment policy was the assumption that
the Soviet Union could be stopped from achieving its global ambitions only by the forceful use of American power.
the spread of nuclear weapons is a danger to the world and must be prevented.
economic trade should be tailored to benefit the fully industrialized nations through the formation of economic communities.
an arms race between the Soviet Union and the U.S. would inevitably escalate and therefore must be prevented through negotiations at an early stage.
terrorism can be identified and isolated in specific countries.
The U.S. lesson learned from the Vietnam War was that
public opinion could be ignored by leaders during wartime.
nuclear weapons had utility in a war of insurgency.
there were limits on America's ability to get its own way in the world.
the national interest of the United States required a total disengagement from Asian affairs.
constant bombing will force the enemy to concede defeat.
The communists took over China in ________.
In 2002, President George W. Bush labeled ________ "the axis of evil".
Cuba, China, and Vietnam
Ethiopia, Somalia, and Libya
Russia, China, and North Korea
Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Jordan
Iraq, Iran, and North Korea
The idea that major nations should act together in response to problems and crises is called
the one-world concept.
________ described the Soviet Union as the "evil empire".
What has been the U.S. policy toward the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
It has generally tried to convince the WTO to support a more protectionist stance in world trade.
It has neither supported nor attempted to block the work of the WTO.
It has been a member of the WTO but refuses to abide by most WTO rulings.
It has refused to participate in the WTO.
It has attempted to strengthen the WTO.
There are roughly ________ countries in the world.
Regarding assistance to developing nations, which of the following countries ranks lowest in terms of per capita expenditures?
the United States
The United States pursues its economic policy goals through which of the following international organizations?
World Trade Organization (WTO)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
all of these: the World Bank, the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
None of these answers is correct.
The policy of deterrence is based on the idea that
when threatened, a nation should strike first so that its enemy is deprived of the option of a surprise attack.
economic links with another country will deter it from aggression.
modern warfare requires a flexible response policy.
any nation would be deterred from launching a full-scale nuclear attack by the knowledge that, even if it destroyed the country, it too would be obliterated.
preemptive strikes are preferable to passive behavior.
Since the cold war ended, U.S. policy makers' chief concern with nuclear weaponry has
the possibility of a computer error in the U.S. or former Soviet weapons systems that could mistakenly launch a nuclear missile.
the spread of nuclear technology to rogue nations or terrorist groups.
the use of a tactical nuclear weapon in ethnic conflicts in Eastern Europe.
the possibility that, in the process of dismantling the U.S. and former Soviet arsenals, a nuclear warhead could be accidentally detonated.
the spread of nuclear technology to NATO forces.
The military-industrial complex
consists of an alliance of the military and industry that is pitted against officials in Congress and the executive branch.
suffered a rare defeat in 2009 when funding for additional F-22 fighter jets was rejected by Congress and the president.
was specifically mentioned and condemned in Harry S. Truman's farewell address.
both consists of an alliance of the military and industry pitted against officials in Congress and the executive branch; and is blamed for high levels of defense spending.
The broad goals of the United States in the global economy include
maintaining access to world energy and other vital resources.
sustaining an open system of trade that will promote domestic prosperity.
keeping the widening gap between rich and poor countries from destabilizing the global economy.
all of these: maintaining access to world energy and other vital resources; sustaining an open system of trade that will promote domestic prosperity; and keeping the widening gap between rich and poor countries from destabilizing the global economy.
On what grounds did President Barack Obama place a 35 percent tariff on the import of Chinese tires in 2009?
The tariff was part of the stimulus package designed to save the American auto manufacturing industry.
U.S. tire-makers needed the protection because they were forced to buy their raw materials from Chinese exporters.
The tariff was in retaliation to Chinese military exercises in the Yellow Sea.
U.S. tire-makers were less efficient than Chinese companies and needed government assistance.
Chinese tires were being subsidized by the Chinese government.
The United States produces about ________ percent of the world's goods and services.
Which of the following is true about the trade imbalance in the United States?
The United States has not had a trade surplus since 1975.
Over the past decade, the U.S. trade deficit has exceeded $300 billion every year.
The United States has the largest trade deficit of the top three economic centers.
All of these are true: The United States has not had a trade surplus since 1975; over the past decade, the U.S. trade deficit has exceeded $300 billion every year; and the United States has the largest trade deficit of the top three economic centers.
Regarding the position of the United States in world trade, it can be said that
the United States has never had a trade surplus.
in recent years, the United States has had trade surpluses more than deficits.
the United States has the most favorable balance of trade in the world.
the United States is a larger market than the European Union and the Pacific Rim combined.
The term that most accurately describes the international economy today is
Which of the following is a true statement regarding the cold war?
It never became an actual shooting war between the United States and the Soviet Union.
The U.S. pursued a policy of containment.
It included U.S. support for governments being threatened by communism.
The global power structure was bipolar.
All these answers are correct.
The phrase that best describes the shift in America's world position from the pre- to the post-World War II eras is
internationalism to isolationism.
isolationism to internationalism.
containment to isolationism.
interventionism to isolationism.
________ took a historic journey to the People's Republic of China in 1972.
Roughly how many American soldiers lost their lives in the Korean War?
Roughly how many American soldiers lost their lives in the Vietnam War?
The ________ was created to coordinate domestic efforts to protect the United States against terrorist attacks and threats.
Department of Homeland Security
National Security Concil
One reason the Soviet Union eventually collapsed was
its isolation from Western technology and markets.
its inefficient centralized command economy.
all of these: heavy defense expenditures; isolation from Western technology and markets; and its inefficient centralized command economy.
________, the former president of Yugoslavia, was tried for war crimes.
Which of the following is a true statement about the 1990-1991 Gulf War?
It was a successful military operation.
It resolved the regional conflicts that prompted the original aggression by Iraq.
It was waged entirely by U.S. military forces.
It created a fiscal crisis because of the financial burden it placed on the United States.
Defense spending per capita is highest in
the United States.
The nuclear triad consists of
land-based missiles, bombers, and tactical nuclear weapons.
bombers, jet fighters, and submarine-based missiles.
land-based missiles, submarine-based missiles, and bombers.
bombers, land-based missiles, and cruise missiles.
Regarding approaches to Iraq taken by the United States and the United Nations, what was the two-track policy that ensued in late 2002?
UN weapons inspectors entered Iraq in search of WMDs, while the United States attempted to convince allies to impose sanctions against Iraq.
UN weapons inspectors entered Iraq in search of WMDs, while the United States deployed combat units to Iraq's borders.
The United States attempted to convince allies to impose sanctions against Iraq while deploying combat units to Iraq's borders.
The United States imposed economic sanctions against Iraq while convincing Iraq's neighbors to blockade Iraq's borders.
The United States imposed a blockade of Iraq's borders while convincing Iraq's neighbors to cease trading with Iraq.
Which president called for a new world order?
George H. W. Bush
George W. Bush