According to uncertainty reduction theory when strangers first meet, their primary goal is to reduce uncertainty and increase predictability in their own and the other person's behavior.
During initial interaction persons from low-context cultures tend to ask a lot of questions, whereas high-context persons focus on nonverbal aspects.
Responsiveness refers to one's ability to make requests; actively disagree; express positive or negative personal rights and feelings; initiate, sustain, and terminate conversations; and defend oneself without attacking others.
Assertiveness refers to one's ability to be sensitive to the communication of others, be a good listener, engage in comforting communication, and recognize the needs and wants of relevant others.
The model of relational empathy is based on the idea that whenever two people come together and interact, they create a third culture of shared meaning and relational empathy.
Perceived similarity, sometimes called perceived homophily, is perhaps the most dominant force in our motivations to interact with others.
Approximately two thirds of interracial marriages end in divorce, compared with 40% to 50% for all marriages.
Overall, the relational maintenance behaviors reported by gay and lesbian couples are quite different than those reported by heterosexual couples.
Recent research has shown that Facebook users are more likely to initiate friendships with other Facebook users who did not include visual cues, such as a photograph, than with those who revealed an unattractive photo.
Social networking sites (e.g., Facebook) are used primarily for social interaction with friends with whom users have a preestablished relationship offline.
Which of the following statements best represents the fundamental assumption of Uncertainty Reduction Theory?
When strangers first meet, their primary goal is to reduce anxiety and increase the uncertainty about the behavior of themselves and the other person.
When strangers first meet, their primary goal is to engage in nonverbal affiliative expressiveness and reciprocity about the behavior of themselves and the other person.
When strangers first meet, their primary goal is to increase their socio-communicative orientation.
When strangers first meet, their primary goal is to reduce uncertainty and increase the predictability about the behavior of themselves and the other person.
Which of the following strategies is most likely to be used by a person from a high context culture when trying to reduce uncertainty?
Ask a lot of questions
Focus on the other's social background
Engage in direct eye contact
Engage a variety of verbal strategies
Which of the following is associated with increased uncertainty?
The two communication dimensions of socio-communicative style include:
Assertiveness and responsiveness
Similarity and reciprocity
Similarity and responsiveness
Assertiveness and reciprocity
The model of relational empathy assumes that:
People should develop empathic listening skills
Similarity is key in developing empathy
Interactants can accurately infer another's thoughts or feelings
Whenever two people come together and interact, they create a third culture
Byrne's fundamental postulate is that attitude similarity leads to:
Positive affect, which in turn leads to attraction
Intercultural communication competence
Intercultural communication apprehension
Among Japanese, which of the following relationship types is considered the most intimate?
Boyfriend or girlfriend
According to Confucianism, an individual's conduct in society should be guided by four principles, including:
Tolerance, competence, reduced uncertainty, and similarity
Reciprocity, responsiveness, assertiveness, and similarity
Humanism, faithfulness, propriety, and wisdom
Relational empathy, wisdom, communication, and affiliativeness
A major difference between Eastern and Western relationships is that:
Eastern cultures engage in long-term and asymmetrical reciprocity
Western cultures engage in long-term and asymmetrical reciprocity
Eastern cultures engage in short-term and symmetrical reciprocity
Eastern cultures engage in contractual reciprocity
In cultures that practice polyandry:
Men may marry men, and women may marry women
A man marries two sisters
A man may have more than one wife
A woman may have more than one husband
Across cultures, which of the following is generally the most preferred characteristic in a mate?
Similar religious background
Kind and understanding
Good earning capacity
The fundamental theme of Confucianism is that:
Individuals participate in relationships to maximize their own self-interests
Proper relationships form the cornerstone of society
Individuals have maximum levels of tolerance
Individuals have minimum levels of tolerance
Across most cultures, which of the following is generally the least preferred characteristic in a mate?
Across virtually all cultures which of the following characteristics is consistently rated more important in choosing a mate by men than women?
Which of the following labels pertains to the type of interracial marriage where one member of the couple virtually abandons or denies his or her native culture?
Which of the following labels pertains to the type of interracial marriage where couples try to wipe out any cultural differences and create a third culture that has no “baggage” attached (e.g., traditions, language)?