One in five children in the united states are poor
The first definitive position on developmentally appropriate practice included serving children from infancy through age eight.
Head start began as the government's war on poverty in the 1960's
Johann Pestalozzi proposed teaching individual children with a tutor rather than in groups.
The beginning of nursery schools goes back to england
John Locke's theory of individual differences states that heredity makes all the difference
Loris Malaguzzi articulated the philosophy and practices of Reggio Emilia
Maria Montessori started the first italian kindergarten
"Sabbath Schools" and "Midnight Schools" were the mainstay of education for African Americans before the civil war.
The "No Child Left Behind" Act has reformed education towards more social and emotional goals for children.
Issues of today in early childhood education center on financing schools
Friedrich Froebel coined the term "kindergarten" which means children's garden
Being familiar with the professions history gives a sense of support and financial aid
The Renaissance and Reformation periods saw the first call for universal education
Kindergarten is required in every state in the united states
Jean Jacques Rousseau believed that children are naturally good
Rudolf Steiner was____.
A german educator
The philosopher who brought montessori education to the united states
a puritan who advocated literacy for all
a swiss educator
John Locke, considered to be the founder of modern educational philosophy, conceived the theory of ___.
The scientific method
Which statement is true?
Sixty-four percent of mothers with children younger than six are in the workforce.
There are sufficient quality child care programs for those who need them.
Two forms of child care—family child care and nannies—are the most popular type of programs.
Licensing of family child care homes has decreased.
Comenius, who wrote the first picture book for children, also stressed ____.
improvement in health conditions
the scientific method
learning by doing
Friedrich Froebel, the father of kindergarten, developed an educational system that ____.
used educational toys, or gifts
used books in class
raised children to adulthood
Jean Jacques Rousseau suggested that schools ought to be ____.
less training oriented
Lucy Sprague Mitchell helped sponser one of the following__.
the first laboratory school
Children's literature workshops
Daughters of the American Revolution
One way to improve the quality of child care is to ____.
have parents pay more
pay teachers less
hire less qualified teachers
have funding commensurate with per child levels in elementary schools
Four aspects of a sense of professionalism are ____.
prestige, identity, career ladder, pay
identity, literacy, career ladder, child’s interests
identity, engaging in developmentally appropriate practices, high pay, enjoyment of children
identity, engaging in developmentally appropriate practices, commitment to ethical teaching, participation in work as a legitimate livelihood.
Which statement about childhood today is not true?
Many children are often under stress
Many children are more protected than ever before
Many children are often enlisted as co-parents in their own upbringing
Many children are overenrolled and overscheduled in enrichment activities
One of every ____ poor children lives in a family where even though the parent works the wages are too low.
The first large-scale effort to focus on children of poverty in America was ____.
the Montessori method
Rousseau’s children’s garden
Early childhood education refers to ____.
the early elementary grades
group settings from birth to age eight
programs for children younger than five
Margaret McMillan ____.
advocated children being protected from the elements
saw the importance of healthy bodies before attempting to instruct the mind
worked with her mother Sarah to found Deptford School
taught reading to Australian children
In most child abuse situations ____.
the majority are sexually abused
the abused child is more likely to commit a crime and/or become a pregnant teenager.
most are older than six 6 years
the abuse happens in child care centers