Theories of Crime

Question 1 of 10

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What are the three theories of crime that we're studying?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Biological Theories of Crime

  • Psychological Theories of Crime

  • Social Theories of Crime

Question 2 of 10

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In relation to biological theories of crime and family planning, what did Osborn and West find?

Select one of the following:

  • That 14% of children with adoptive parents had a criminal record.

  • That 13% of sons with non-criminal fathers had convictions, while 20% of sons with criminal fathers had convictions.

  • That 21% of adoptive parents had committed a crime, and this environmental influence was passed on in 60% of cases.

Question 3 of 10

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Supporting Osborn and West's findings, what did Mednick et al. find?

Select one of the following:

  • That in the conviction cases of over 14,000 adoptees, the evidence pointed to a genetic influence, as opposed to an environmental one.

  • That in the rape cases of over 15,000 post-adoption adults, environmental influences were more prominent.

  • That in the conviction cases of over 20,000 adopted children, the evidence pointed to a genetic influence, as opposed to an environmental one.

Question 4 of 10

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What did Bohman find that supported Mednick's evidence?

Select one of the following:

  • That 13% of sons with a criminal record had a biological parent who was a criminal, and 21% of sons with a criminal record had an adoptive parent who was a criminal.

  • That 12% of sons who had a criminal record had a biological parent who was a criminal, and 7% of sons with a criminal record had an adoptive parent who was a criminal.

  • That 10% of sons with a criminal record had a biological parent who was a criminal, and 9% of sons had an adoptive parent who was not a criminal.

Question 5 of 10

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What is a self-fulfilling prophecy?

Select one of the following:

  • The idea that an observers opinion is the best of all opinions.

  • The idea that an observers opinion of an observed subject can make the subject less likely to commit a crime.

  • The idea that an observers opinion of an observed subject can produce and elicit certain behaviour.

Question 6 of 10

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What is recidivism?

Select one of the following:

  • Supported and explained by the self fulfilling prophecy, it is an idea that states that a criminal label is hard to shift after being labelled, and therefore promotes subsequent judgement that adds to the self concept of crime.

  • This answer is wrong.

Question 7 of 10

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What did Madon find about the self-fulfilling prophecy (SFP)?

Select one of the following:

  • Researched old aged pensioners, and found that when rocks were thrown at them, in 78% of cases they would die a horrible death.

  • Researched underage drinking and mothers and found that when mothers expected their children to drink more, this expectation was often fulfilled.

  • Researched underage drinking and fathers, and found that when fathers expected their children to drink less, they were more likely to abuse this trust.

  • I hate niggers.

Question 8 of 10

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What did Bandura suggest about the social theory of crime in his social learning theory?

Select one of the following:

  • That children cannot learn aggressive behaviour.

  • That children learn aggressive behaviour through trial and error.

  • That children primarily learn through either internal role model relation, or external vicarious reinforcement.

Question 9 of 10

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What else effects social learning according to Bandura?

Select one of the following:

  • The characteristics of the learner, such as self-esteem.

  • The characteristics of the role models.

Question 10 of 10

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What did Eron find to support Bandura's ideas?

Select one of the following:

  • No correlation.

  • A negative correlation between TV violence and aggressive behaviour in children.

  • A positive correlation between TV violence and aggressive behaviour in children.

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Theories of Crime

tomrees6
Quiz by , created over 3 years ago

A-Levels Psychology Quiz on Theories of Crime, created by tomrees6 on 11/06/2013.

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