What is alpha bias?
Ignore or minimises differences between males and females
Assumes that there are real differneces between genders
Who said that the psychoanalytical theory is "grounded in the genital inferiority of women" and that it also "deduces their moral inferiority" ?
Why is Freud's theory of psychosexual development alpha-biased?
It views masculinity in a positive light
It views femininity in a positive light
It views femininty as failed masculinity
Freud believed that women had a deficiency. What was this deficiency?
Absence of the penis
What is androcentric bias?
Theories and studies tend to be written and conducted by women
Theories and studies tend to be written and conducted by men
Who's theory of moral reasoning had 2 elements of androcentric bias?
Loftus and Palmer
In Kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning, what were the 2 androcentric biases? (2)
Dilemmas used to assess moral reasoning were based on male perspectives
Kohlberg was a male
The development scale was based on male researchers
What are the 3 ways of dealing with gender bias? (3)
Reverse Alpha bias
Reverse Beta bias
Avoiding Alpha bias
Avoiding Beta bias
Reverse Alpha bias involves developing theories that show the difference between men and women but ...
Tend to not publish results that there was no significant differences
That emphasise the value of women
That emphasis the value of men
Feminist psychology aims to redress the imbalances in psychology. Choose a way of doing this.
Use evidence to suggest that women are actually women
Use evidence that women may be inferior to provide women with greater support
Provide more evidence that shows women are superior to men