Psy 101 Quiz 1

Question 1 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Psychologists use critical thinking and scientific investigation to achieve the goals of describing, explaining, ____________________, and ____________________ human behavior.

Select one of the following:

  • manipulating; preserving

  • diagnosing; prescribing

  • perfecting; curing

  • predicting; controlling

Question 2 of 46

Medal-premium 1

When current knowledge about an individual and his or her environment can be used to accurately forecast behavior at another time or in another setting, the scientific goal of _______________ has been achieved.

Select one of the following:

  • understanding

  • control

  • prediction

  • description

Question 3 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Which question below relates most directly to the goal of controlling behavior?

Select one of the following:

  • Does depth perception occur when an individual has only one eye?

  • Why does a blow to the head cause memory loss?

  • Do men and women differ in intellectual abilities?

  • How can test anxiety be prevented?

Question 4 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Of the following, who used introspection as a scientific technique for investigating consciousness?

Select one of the following:

  • B.F. Skinner

  • Ivan Pavlov

  • John Watson

  • Wilhelm Wundt

Question 5 of 46

Medal-premium 1

The idea that threatening thoughts are sometimes repressed would be of most interest to a

Select one of the following:

  • Psychoanalyst

  • Structuralist

  • Gestaltist

  • Humanist

Question 6 of 46

Medal-premium 1

You see a psychologist and tell her that you are feeling depressed. She talks to you about the goals you have for yourself, about your image of yourself, and about the choices that you can make in your life so that you can realize your potential. This psychologist would probably belong to the _____________ school of psychology.

Select one of the following:

  • Behavioristic

  • Gestalt

  • Psychodynamic

  • Humanistic

Question 7 of 46

Medal-premium 1

In an experiment to find out if taking vitamins increases IQ scores, the IQ scores would be

Select one of the following:

  • The independent variable

  • An extraneous variable

  • The dependent variable

  • A control variable

Question 8 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following groups serves as a point of reference for a comparison of results in an experiment?

Select one of the following:

  • Experimental group

  • Control group

  • Dependent Group

  • Independent Group

Question 9 of 46

Medal-premium 1

One disadvantage of naturalistic observation is that

Select one of the following:

  • It can only be done properly in the laboratory

  • It does not meet the goal of accurately describing behavior in research

  • Observer effects and observer bias can be problems

  • It provides little information for the effort involved

Question 10 of 46

Medal-premium 1

You want to find out what relationship exists between high school grades and college grades. You should use the __________ research method.

Select one of the following:

  • Correlational

  • Survey

  • Clinical

  • Experimental

Question 11 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Acts as a bridge between the medulla an other structures and influences sleep and arousal

Select one of the following:

  • Pons

  • Frontal Lobe

  • Thalamus

  • Hypothalamus

Question 12 of 46

Medal-premium 1

This is the area of the brain that stores the lasting verbal memories and helps us navigate through space.

Select one of the following:

  • Thalamus

  • Hippocampus

  • Pons

  • Medulla

Question 13 of 46

Medal-premium 1

The reflex control centers for vital life functions like heart rate and breathing are found here.

Select one of the following:

  • Hypothalamus

  • Amygdala

  • Thalamus

  • Medulla

Question 14 of 46

Medal-premium 1

This area of the brain is associated with fear response , therefore may also be activated during the fight or flight response and can also be associated with anger or disgust.

Select one of the following:

  • Amygdala

  • Cerebellum

  • Parietal lobe

  • Frontal lobe

Question 15 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Associated with higher mental abilities and plays a role in your sense of self.

Select one of the following:

  • Frontal lobe

  • Thalamus

  • Hippocampus

  • Pons

Question 16 of 46

Medal-premium 1

This brain structure is part of the forebrain and acts as a relay to sort and send sensory information to the cerebral cortex.

Select one of the following:

  • Frontal lobe

  • Thalamus

  • Pons

  • Hippocampus

Question 17 of 46

Medal-premium 1

The last place where many behaviors are organized or "decided on" before messages leave the brain and affects behaviors as diverse as sex, rage, emotion, and hunger

Select one of the following:

  • Hypothalamus

  • Medulla

  • Amygdala

  • Cerebellum

Question 18 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Muscle tone, body balance, and muscular coordinate are regulated by this area of the brain.

Select one of the following:

  • Cerebellum

  • Temporal lobe

  • Amygdala

  • Broca's Area

Question 19 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Associated with sensations included touch, temperature, and pressure.

Select one of the following:

  • Parietal lobe

  • Occipital Lobe

  • Temporal Lobe

  • Amygdala

Question 20 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Areas of the cortex that include the sites where hearing registers in the brain.

Select one of the following:

  • Temporal lobe.

  • Occipital Lobe

  • Parietal lobe

  • Amygdala

Question 21 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Portion of the cerebral cortex where vision is registered.

Select one of the following:

  • Occipital Lobe

  • Temporal Lobe

  • Parietal lobe

  • Cerebellum

Question 22 of 46

Medal-premium 1

An area of the brain that is related to grammar and punctuation.

Select one of the following:

  • Broca's Area

  • Occipital Lobe

  • Temporal Lobe

  • Amygdala

Question 23 of 46

Medal-premium 1

The chemicals that are released at an axon terminal and can either excite or inhibit other neurons are called.

Select one of the following:

  • nuerotransmitters

  • synapses

  • synaptic vesicles

  • neurilemmas

Question 24 of 46

Medal-premium 1

After rushing to catch the bus, when you find a seat and begin to relax, the return to your normal heart rate is under the influence of the

Select one of the following:

  • somatic nervous system

  • sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system

  • parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system

  • central nervous system

Question 25 of 46

Medal-premium 1

In response to experience, new synapses form between neurons, and other connections grow stronger. These changes in the brain due to experience illustrate the brain's

Select one of the following:

  • resiliency.

  • neuroplasticity.

  • saltatory conduction.

  • neurogensis.

Question 26 of 46

Medal-premium 1

When you see an attractive person sit down next to you on the bus, the mad pounding of your hear is under the influence of the

Select one of the following:

  • autonomic nervous system.

  • diathesis nervous system.

  • central nervous system.

  • somatic nervous system.

Question 27 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Anna is reading her psychology text. The activation of receptors in her retina is called _____. Her interpretation of the stimuli as particular words is called _____.

Select one of the following:

  • sensation; sensation

  • perception; perception

  • sensation; perception

  • perception; sensation

Question 28 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Which sentence expresses data-based processing?

Select one of the following:

  • People see what is in front of them.

  • None of these express data-based processing.

  • People see what they want to see.

  • People see what they expect to see.

Question 29 of 46

Medal-premium 1

It's so noisy! How can you stand it?" remarks Caitlyn as highway traffic screams past her friend Dave's ground-floor apartment. "I don't even notice it anymore," Dave replies. This exchange BEST exemplifies the psychophysical concept of:

Select one of the following:

  • accommodation.

  • adjustment.

  • attenuation.

  • adaptation.

Question 30 of 46

Medal-premium 1

According to the textbook, the average person can see _____ colors.

Select one of the following:

  • over 2,000,000

  • just over 200,000

  • about 10,000

  • nearly 1,000

Question 31 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Rod is to cone as _____ is to _____.

Select one of the following:

  • more numerous; less numerous

  • bright light; dim light

  • fovea; outside the fovea

  • color; black-and-white

Question 32 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Visual feature detectors are found in the _____ lobe.

Select one of the following:

  • temporal

  • frontal

  • occipital

  • parietal

Question 33 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Trichromatic theory is to opponent-process theory as _____ is to _____.

Select one of the following:

  • Hering; von Helmholtz

  • thalamus; retina

  • red, blue, green, yellow; red, blue, green

  • color deficiency; afterimages

Question 34 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Making an analogy between hearing and vision, the auditory hair cells in the ______ are similar to the ______ in the ______.

Select one of the following:

  • cochlea; rods and cones; retina

  • cochlea; ganglion cells; retina

  • eardrum; rods and cones; retina

  • eardrum; ganglion cells; retina

Question 35 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Examining his doctor's handwriting on the prescription slip, Ben completes the gaps in some of the lower-case letters to perceive an a and an o rather than two u's. This example illustrates the Gestalt principle of:

Select one of the following:

  • continuity.

  • similarity.

  • closure.

  • proximity.

Question 36 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Which Gestalt principle is correctly defined?

Select one of the following:

  • similarity – Small gaps in objects are filled in.

  • closure – Stimuli moving in the same direction are perceived as group.

  • proximity – Stimuli near to one another tend to be grouped together.

  • continuity – Stimuli resembling one another tend to be grouped together.

Question 37 of 46

Medal-premium 1

The term "consciousness" refers to:

Select one of the following:

  • the ability to respond to the environment.

  • one's awareness of oneself and the environment.

  • higher-level reasoning and problem solving.

  • the state of being awake.

Question 38 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Long-distance running, listening to music, sleep, and daydreaming are just some of the everyday ways that produce

Select one of the following:

  • preconsciousness.

  • stimulated information processing.

  • altered states of consciousness.

  • sensory enhancement.

Question 39 of 46

Medal-premium 1

While reading a friend's status update on a social networking site, Cory ignores the scrolling newsfeed and the changing advertisements on the right-hand side of the screen. Cory is demonstrating:

Select one of the following:

  • the cocktail-party effect.

  • sensory adaptation.

  • inattentional blindness.

  • selective attention.

Question 40 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Most symptoms of sleep deprivation

Select one of the following:

  • can be prevented by consuming caffeine.

  • are reversed by a single night's rest.

  • are irreversible.

  • require a long period of bed rest for recovery.

Question 41 of 46

Medal-premium 1

The ordering and duration of daily sleep and waking periods are known as

Select one of the following:

  • meridian rhythms.

  • sleep patterns.

  • REM cycles.

  • sleep stages.

Question 42 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Establishing a regular sleep schedule, eliminating caffeine, and treating depression (if present) is designed to combat _____________ insomnia.

Select one of the following:

  • drug-dependency

  • temporary

  • chronic

  • somatic

Question 43 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Warren's eyes are moving rapidly behind the lids. His legs and arms are paralyzed. Warren is showing signs of:

Select one of the following:

  • sleep terrors.

  • cataplexy.

  • sleep spindles.

  • REM sleep.

Question 44 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Sigmund Freud is associated with the _____ theory of dreams.

Select one of the following:

  • wish fulfillment

  • activation-synthesis

  • neurocognitive

  • consolidation

Question 45 of 46

Medal-premium 1

Drug use can be fueled by dependence. ________________ dependence means the body no longer functions normally with the drug, and one sign of this type of dependence is ________________, as indicated by the symptoms that occur when the drug is withheld.

Select one of the following:

  • Physiological; substance abuse

  • Physiological; withdrawal

  • Psychological; tolerance

  • Psychological; withdrawal

Question 46 of 46

Medal-premium 1

__________________ such as caffeine, alcohol, and hallucinogens can cause changes in psychological activities, for example, sensation, perception, attention, and judgement.

Select one of the following:

  • Psychoactive drugs

  • Depressants

  • Stimulants

  • Tranquilizers

Icon_fullscreen

Psy 101 Quiz 1

touimet
Quiz by , created about 2 years ago

Quiz on Psy 101 Quiz 1, created by touimet on 24/09/2014.

Eye 1197
Pin 1
Balloon-left 0
Tags No tags specified
touimet
Created by touimet about 2 years ago
Close