Psychologists use critical thinking and scientific investigation to achieve the goals of describing, explaining, ____________________, and ____________________ human behavior.
When current knowledge about an individual and his or her environment can be used to accurately forecast behavior at another time or in another setting, the scientific goal of _______________ has been achieved.
Which question below relates most directly to the goal of controlling behavior?
Does depth perception occur when an individual has only one eye?
Why does a blow to the head cause memory loss?
Do men and women differ in intellectual abilities?
How can test anxiety be prevented?
Of the following, who used introspection as a scientific technique for investigating consciousness?
The idea that threatening thoughts are sometimes repressed would be of most interest to a
You see a psychologist and tell her that you are feeling depressed. She talks to you about the goals you have for yourself, about your image of yourself, and about the choices that you can make in your life so that you can realize your potential. This psychologist would probably belong to the _____________ school of psychology.
In an experiment to find out if taking vitamins increases IQ scores, the IQ scores would be
The independent variable
An extraneous variable
The dependent variable
A control variable
Which of the following groups serves as a point of reference for a comparison of results in an experiment?
One disadvantage of naturalistic observation is that
It can only be done properly in the laboratory
It does not meet the goal of accurately describing behavior in research
Observer effects and observer bias can be problems
It provides little information for the effort involved
You want to find out what relationship exists between high school grades and college grades. You should use the __________ research method.
Acts as a bridge between the medulla an other structures and influences sleep and arousal
This is the area of the brain that stores the lasting verbal memories and helps us navigate through space.
The reflex control centers for vital life functions like heart rate and breathing are found here.
This area of the brain is associated with fear response , therefore may also be activated during the fight or flight response and can also be associated with anger or disgust.
Associated with higher mental abilities and plays a role in your sense of self.
This brain structure is part of the forebrain and acts as a relay to sort and send sensory information to the cerebral cortex.
The last place where many behaviors are organized or "decided on" before messages leave the brain and affects behaviors as diverse as sex, rage, emotion, and hunger
Muscle tone, body balance, and muscular coordinate are regulated by this area of the brain.
Associated with sensations included touch, temperature, and pressure.
Areas of the cortex that include the sites where hearing registers in the brain.
Portion of the cerebral cortex where vision is registered.
An area of the brain that is related to grammar and punctuation.
The chemicals that are released at an axon terminal and can either excite or inhibit other neurons are called.
After rushing to catch the bus, when you find a seat and begin to relax, the return to your normal heart rate is under the influence of the
somatic nervous system
sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system
parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system
central nervous system
In response to experience, new synapses form between neurons, and other connections grow stronger. These changes in the brain due to experience illustrate the brain's
When you see an attractive person sit down next to you on the bus, the mad pounding of your hear is under the influence of the
autonomic nervous system.
diathesis nervous system.
central nervous system.
somatic nervous system.
Anna is reading her psychology text. The activation of receptors in her retina is called _____. Her interpretation of the stimuli as particular words is called _____.
Which sentence expresses data-based processing?
People see what is in front of them.
None of these express data-based processing.
People see what they want to see.
People see what they expect to see.
It's so noisy! How can you stand it?" remarks Caitlyn as highway traffic screams past her friend Dave's ground-floor apartment. "I don't even notice it anymore," Dave replies. This exchange BEST exemplifies the psychophysical concept of:
According to the textbook, the average person can see _____ colors.
just over 200,000
Rod is to cone as _____ is to _____.
more numerous; less numerous
bright light; dim light
fovea; outside the fovea
Visual feature detectors are found in the _____ lobe.
Trichromatic theory is to opponent-process theory as _____ is to _____.
Hering; von Helmholtz
red, blue, green, yellow; red, blue, green
color deficiency; afterimages
Making an analogy between hearing and vision, the auditory hair cells in the ______ are similar to the ______ in the ______.
cochlea; rods and cones; retina
cochlea; ganglion cells; retina
eardrum; rods and cones; retina
eardrum; ganglion cells; retina
Examining his doctor's handwriting on the prescription slip, Ben completes the gaps in some of the lower-case letters to perceive an a and an o rather than two u's. This example illustrates the Gestalt principle of:
Which Gestalt principle is correctly defined?
similarity – Small gaps in objects are filled in.
closure – Stimuli moving in the same direction are perceived as group.
proximity – Stimuli near to one another tend to be grouped together.
continuity – Stimuli resembling one another tend to be grouped together.
The term "consciousness" refers to:
the ability to respond to the environment.
one's awareness of oneself and the environment.
higher-level reasoning and problem solving.
the state of being awake.
Long-distance running, listening to music, sleep, and daydreaming are just some of the everyday ways that produce
stimulated information processing.
altered states of consciousness.
While reading a friend's status update on a social networking site, Cory ignores the scrolling newsfeed and the changing advertisements on the right-hand side of the screen. Cory is demonstrating:
the cocktail-party effect.
Most symptoms of sleep deprivation
can be prevented by consuming caffeine.
are reversed by a single night's rest.
require a long period of bed rest for recovery.
The ordering and duration of daily sleep and waking periods are known as
Establishing a regular sleep schedule, eliminating caffeine, and treating depression (if present) is designed to combat _____________ insomnia.
Warren's eyes are moving rapidly behind the lids. His legs and arms are paralyzed. Warren is showing signs of:
Sigmund Freud is associated with the _____ theory of dreams.
Drug use can be fueled by dependence. ________________ dependence means the body no longer functions normally with the drug, and one sign of this type of dependence is ________________, as indicated by the symptoms that occur when the drug is withheld.
Physiological; substance abuse
__________________ such as caffeine, alcohol, and hallucinogens can cause changes in psychological activities, for example, sensation, perception, attention, and judgement.