Forensic Science is the application of science to:
Crime Scene Reconstruction
Both Criminal and civil laws
The fictional character of Sherlock Holmes was created by:
Who is known as the "father of forensic toxicology"?
Who developed the system known as anthropometry?
Who undertook the first definitive study of fingerprints as a method of personal identification?
Who devised a technique for determining the blood group of a dried bloodstain, which he applied to criminal investigations?
Who established the comparison microscope as the indispensable tool of the modern firearms examiner?
Who wrote the first treatise describing the application of science to the field of criminal investigation?
Who established the first workable crime laboratory?
The exchange of evidence principle was theorized be:
The oldest forensic laboratory in the United States is that of the:
N.Y.C. Police Department
Los Angeles Police Department
Which of the following can be rightfully cited as an explanation for the rapid growth of crime labs during the last 40 years?
Supreme Court decisions in the 1960s
Staggering increase in crime rates in the United States
Advent of DNA profiling
All of the above
Which entity maintains the largest crime laboratory in the world?
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Which would NOT be included in the work of the biology unit of a crime lab?
Comparison of hairs
Which unit is responsible for the examination of body fluids and organs for the presence of drugs and poisons?
Physical science unit
Evidence collection unit
The concept of "general acceptance" of scientific evidence relates to the:
In the case of Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceutical, Inc., the U.S. Supreme Court advocated that a "gatekeeper" determine the admissibility and reliability of scientific evidence. This gatekeeper is the:
Which of the following is NOT true? An expert witness must be able to demonstrate:
Skill in trade of profession of interest to the court
Significant experience in a relevant field
A formal degree in forensic science
Education in his/her area of expertise
The final evaluate of forensic evidence is the:
What is the LEAST important consideration in the gathering of evidence at a crime scene?
Adequate preservation of samples
Competent collection of materials
Guilt of the suspect(s)
Proper recognition of the evidence
Bite marks would be LEAST likely to be found in cases involving:
Forensic ontology refers to the study of:
Which of the following services are typically provided to law enforcement by crime laboratories?
The case of Coppolino v. State highlights issues dealing with:
Search and seizure
The admissibility of the polygraph
The evidential value of confessions
The acceptability of new scientific test
The scientific method requires that scientific evidence be validated by:
formulating pertinent questions
The eleven sections of The American Academy of Forensic Science include all of the following EXCEPT
The tendency of the public to believe that every crime scene will yield forensic evidence and their unrealistic expectations that a prosecutor’s case should always be bolstered and supported by forensic evidence is known as:
The Scientific Method
The CSI Effect
What is the major problem facing the forensic DNA community?
Contamination of DNA samples by evidence collectors
Backlog of unanalyzed DNA samples
Lack of recent advancements in DNA technology
Existence of computerized DNA databases
Which unit applies principles and techniques of chemistry, physics, and geology to the identification and comparison of crime scene evidence?
Which specialized area of forensic science examines the relationship between human behavior and legal proceedings?
Forensic jury selection
A crime scene which involved the collapse of a structure would be analyzed by specialists in the area of:
Forensic computer and digital analysis
Forensic error analysis
What factor(s) do(es) the court usually take into consideration as sufficient grounds for qualification as an expert witness?
All of the Above
Specially trained personnel called _____ are employed by some crime laboratories on 24-hour call to retrieve evidence and have all the proper tools and supplies for proper collection and packaging of evidence at their disposal.
Crime Scene investigators
In Kumho Tire Co., Ltd. v. Carmichael, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the “gatekeeping” role of a trial judge:
Was restricted to scientific testimony
Applied only to cases involving capital crimes
Was subject to appeal by a higher court
Applied to all expert testimony
The judicial case that set forth the most current guidelines for determining the admissibility of scientific examinations in the federal courts is:
Frye v. United States
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals
Coppolino v. State of Florida
Mapp v. United States
The dramatization of forensic science on television has led to a phenomenon known as the
The necessity for the forensic scientist to appear in court comes from the U.S. Supreme Court case:
Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts
Crawford v. Washington
Coppolino v. State
The current system of crime laboratories in the United States can best be described as:
The lay witness provides testimony that relies on: