A patient is prescribed furosemide (Lasix), a loop diuretic, for treatment of congestive heart failure. The patient is at risk for which electrolyte imbalance associated with use of this drug?
Which nutritional goal is appropriate for a patient newly diagnosed with hypertension? The patient will:
Limit his intake of protein
Restrict his use of sodium
Limit his intake of potassium-rich foods
Avoid foods containing gluten
Patients may be deficient in which vitamin during the winter months?
Which nutrient deficiency increases the risk for pressure ulcers?
A patient who was prescribed furosemide (Lasix) is deficient in potassium. Which of the following is an appropriate goal for this patient? The patient will increase his consumption of:
Egg yolks, nuts, and sardines
Eggs, baking soda, and baking powder
Bananas, peaches, molasses, and potatoes
Wheat bran, chocolate, eggs, and sardines
The nurse identifies the nursing diagnosis Urinary Incontinence (Total) in an older adult patient admitted after a stroke. Urinary Incontinence places the patient at risk for which complication?
Which organ relies almost exclusively on glucose for energy?
A patient complains that she passes urine whenever she sneezes or coughs. How should the nurse document this complaint in the patient’s healthcare record?
The nurse assesses a patient’s abdomen 4 days after abdominal surgery and notes that bowel sounds are absent. This finding most likely suggest which postoperative complication?
Small bowel obstruction
A patient who underwent surgery 24 hours ago is prescribed a clear liquid diet. The patient asks for something to drink. Which item may the nurse provide for the patient?
Starbucks coffee with breve
Which of the following goals is appropriate for a patient with a nursing diagnosis of Constipation? The patient increases the intake of:
Milk and cheese
Bread and pasta
Fruits and vegetables
The nurse is assessing a patient who underwent bowel resection 2 days ago. As she auscultates the patient’s abdomen, she notes low-pitched, infrequent bowel sounds. How should she document this finding?
Hyperactive bowel sounds
Hypoactive bowel sounds
Abdominal bruit sounds
Normal bowel sounds
A patient is diagnosed with an intestinal infection after traveling abroad. The nurse should encourage the intake of which food to promote healing?
Which intervention should the nurse take first to promote micturition in a patient who is having difficulty voiding?
Insert an indwelling urinary catheter
Pour warm water over the patient's perineum
Notify the provider immediately
Insert an intermittent, straight catheter
Which is a key treatment intervention for the patient admitted with diverticulitis?
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
The student nurse asks the provider if she will prescribe an indwelling urinary catheter for a hospitalized patient who is incontinent. The provider explains that catheters should be utilized only when absolutely necessary because:
Insertion is painful for most patients
They are the leading cause of nosocomial infection
They are too expensive for routine use
They contain latex, increasing the risk for allergies
The nurse instructs a woman about providing a clean-catch urine specimen. Which of the following statements indicates that the patient correctly understands the procedure?
“I will wipe my genital area from front to back before I collect the specimen midstream.”
“I will be sure to urinate into the ‘hat’ you placed on the toilet seat.”
“I will collect my urine each time I urinate for the next 24 hours.”
“I will need to lie still while you put in a urinary catheter to obtain the specimen.”
The nurse is instructing a patient about performing home testing for fecal occult blood. The nurse should explain that ingestion of which substance may cause a false-negative fecal occult blood test?
A patient has anemia. An appropriate goal for that the patient would be for him to increase his intake of which nutrient?