W8 Psychological disorders

Question 1 of 50

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A study found that depressed people showed an increased response to facial expressions of fear and a decreased response to happy expressions

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 2 of 50

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Depression is more common in men than women

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 50

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Most depressed people have decreased activity in the left and increased activity in the right prefrontal cortex

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 4 of 50

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Monoamine oxidase inhibitors normally inhibit reuptake of serotonin

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 5 of 50

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Antidepressant drugs have effects at the synapse within hours, but may take weeks to change behaviour

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 50

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Bipolar II disorder is a more severe form of mania than bipolar I disorder

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 50

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Generally speaking, dopamine and glutamate have opposite effects in the prefrontal cortex

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 8 of 50

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Atypical antipsychotics are effective in treating only the positive symptoms of schizophrenia

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 50

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Schizophrenia is a one-gene disorder and a one-neurotransmitter disorder

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 50

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The differences between ordinary and major depression depend on:

Select one of the following:

  • Intensity and duration

  • When they occur in one's lifespan

  • Geographic location and gender

  • Society and diet

Question 11 of 50

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On average, those with the short form of the _____ gene and a history of stressful experiences reported more than averages symptoms of depression

Select one of the following:

  • Dopamine

  • Acetylcholine

  • Serotonin

  • Calcium

Question 12 of 50

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Which of the following MOST strongly increases your risk of depression?

Select one of the following:

  • Relatives with late-onset depression

  • Relatives with early-onset depression

  • Spending time with a depressed person (regardless of being related)

  • Living in South America

Question 13 of 50

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SSRIs work similarly to:

Select one of the following:

  • MAOIs

  • Tricyclics

  • Antabuse

  • L-Dopa

Question 14 of 50

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In contrast to tricyclics, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):

Select one of the following:

  • Increase action potential velocity

  • Block reuptake of both catecholamines and serotonin

  • Block the reuptake of only serotonin

  • Act on the left hemisphere while tricyclics act on the right

Question 15 of 50

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When ECT proved to be ineffective for schizophrenia, it was:

Select one of the following:

  • Used to enhance memory

  • Abandoned as a means of treatment for psychiatric disorders

  • Used to stimulate the immune system

  • Used to treat other mental illnesses

Question 16 of 50

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The cheapest and simplest antidepressant procedure is:

Select one of the following:

  • Food deprivation

  • Sleep deprivation

  • Massage

  • Regular non-strenuous exercise

Question 17 of 50

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Someone with bipolar disorder alternates between:

Select one of the following:

  • Mania and normal

  • Schizophrenia and normal

  • Depression and dementia

  • Mania and depression

Question 18 of 50

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Lithium is most commonly prescribed for which disorder?

Select one of the following:

  • Endogenous depression

  • Seasonal affective disorder

  • Reactive depression

  • Bipolar disorder

Question 19 of 50

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People suffering from seasonal affective disorder are most likely to become depressed in the:

Select one of the following:

  • Autumn

  • Days after any holiday

  • Winter

  • Spring

Question 20 of 50

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Which of the following is NOT a common characteristic of schizophrenia?

Select one of the following:

  • Delusions

  • Deterioration of everyday functioning

  • Impaired understanding of abstract concepts

  • Alternation between one personality and another

Question 21 of 50

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An example of a "negative symptom" of schizophrenia is:

Select one of the following:

  • Poor emotional expression

  • Hallucinations

  • Delusions

  • Thought disorder

Question 22 of 50

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A first diagnosis of schizophrenia is usually made for a person in which age range?

Select one of the following:

  • 20s

  • Preteens

  • 30s or 40s

  • 50s or beyond

Question 23 of 50

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Which of the following increases the probability that someone will develop schizophrenia?

Select one of the following:

  • Having at least one older brother

  • Having an older than average father

  • Being the only child in the family

  • Having a mother who is older than the father

Question 24 of 50

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Concerning the genetics of schizophrenia, which of these currently seems most likely?

Select one of the following:

  • Most cases are due to a single gene, but researchers have not found that gene

  • Most cases can be traced to a single gene, which has been identified

  • Schizophrenia requires a combination of two uncommon genes

  • Schizophrenia often results from a new micro deletion of part of a chromosome

Question 25 of 50

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Brain damage common to schizophrenia includes:

Select one of the following:

  • Proliferation of glial cells

  • Larger than normal cerebral ventricles

  • Loss of axons between the substantial nigra and the basal ganglia

  • Heavier forebrain

Question 26 of 50

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According to the dopamine hypothesis, what causes schizophrenia?

Select one of the following:

  • Deficient activity at dopamine synapses

  • Excessive activity at dopamine synapses

  • An unusual point of origin for dopamine fibres in the brain

  • An unusual course and destination of dopamine fibres in the brain

Question 27 of 50

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An alternative to the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia is the proposal that schizophrenia may be due to a deficiency of activity of _____ synapses.

Select one of the following:

  • Glutamate

  • Serotonin

  • Substance P

  • Acetylcholine

Question 28 of 50

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A serious side effect that develops in some people after prolonged use of neuroleptic drugs is:

Select one of the following:

  • Attention deficit disorder

  • Tardive dyskinesia

  • Saccadic eye movements

  • Seasonal affective disorder

Question 29 of 50

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What kind of drug alleviates schizophrenia with little risk of producing tardive dyskinesia

Select one of the following:

  • Atypical antipsychotics

  • Neuroleptics

  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors

  • Lithium

Question 30 of 50

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The difference between ordinary and major depression depends on:

Select one of the following:

  • When they occur in one's lifetime

  • Intensity and duration

  • Geographic location and gender

  • Society and diet

Question 31 of 50

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Which of the following is NOT characteristic of depression?

Select one of the following:

  • Impulsiveness

  • Sleep disorders

  • Inactivity

  • Suicidal tendencies

Question 32 of 50

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Major depression is diagnosed about _____ in women as in men

Select one of the following:

  • Four times as often

  • The same

  • Three times as often

  • Twice as often

Question 33 of 50

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Which of the following is true of depression?

Select one of the following:

  • A single gene has been identified that causes depression

  • Men are more likely to be depressed than women

  • The influence of traumatic events during young adulthood depends on particular genes for serotonin

  • Female hormone levels are strongly correlated with depression

Question 34 of 50

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Most depressed people show _____ activity in the _____ prefrontal cortex

Select one of the following:

  • Increased ; left

  • Decreased; left

  • Decreased; right

  • Increased; right and left

Question 35 of 50

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Tricyclic drugs work by:

Select one of the following:

  • Blocking the release of catecholamines

  • Preventing the presynaptic cell from reabsorbing catecholamines

  • Directly stimulating the postsynaptic cell's catecholamines receptors

  • Increasing the rate of synthesis of catecholamines

Question 36 of 50

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Which category of antidepressant drug operates by blocking the enzyme that metabolises catecholamines and serotonins into inactive forms?

Select one of the following:

  • Tricyclics

  • MAOIs

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors

  • Atypical antidepressants

Question 37 of 50

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Electroconvulsive shock therapy is sometimes recommended for patients with strong suicidal tendencies because it:

Select one of the following:

  • Produces its benefits faster

  • Does not impair memory

  • Produces permanent, not temporary relief

  • Is based on a theory, not just trial and error disoceries

Question 38 of 50

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People with unipolar disorder are characterised by:

Select one of the following:

  • Obsessions and compulsions

  • Varying between depression and mania

  • Varying between depression and a normal mood

  • Chemical imbalances in one half of their brain

Question 39 of 50

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Someone with bipolar disorder alternates between:

Select one of the following:

  • Schizophrenia and normal

  • Mania and normal

  • Depression and dementia

  • Mania and depression

Question 40 of 50

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Lithium is most commonly prescribed for which disorder

Select one of the following:

  • Seasonal affective disorder

  • Endogenous depression

  • Reactive depression

  • Bipolar disorder

Question 41 of 50

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Someone with deterioration of everyday functioning and hallucinations or delusions or thought disorders would likely to be classified as having which disorder?

Select one of the following:

  • Schizophrenia

  • Bipolar disorder

  • Attention deficit disorder

  • Klinefelter's syndrome

Question 42 of 50

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Acute schizophrenia has

Select one of the following:

  • Slow onset and a long-term course

  • Sudden onset and good prospects for recovery

  • Alternation between positive and negative symptoms

  • A mixture of positive and negative symptoms simultaneously

Question 43 of 50

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A schizophrenic patient whose main symptoms are lack of emotional expression, lack of social interaction, and lack of speech is suffering from:

Select one of the following:

  • Positive symptoms

  • Negative symptoms

  • Thought disorders

  • Delusions

Question 44 of 50

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Cell bodies in the brains of people with schizophrenia are especially smaller than normal in the:

Select one of the following:

  • Hippocampus and hypothalamus

  • Thalamus and hypothalamus

  • Hippocampus and prefrontal cortex

  • Medulla and pons

Question 45 of 50

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Why is blocking dopamine synapses to relieve schizophrenic symptoms not a strong clue about the underlying problem?

Select one of the following:

  • It only works for about 10-15% of all patients

  • It takes 2-3 weeks to affect a behavioural change

  • It only works for about 2-3 weeks

  • People with schizophrenia produce too much dopamine

Question 46 of 50

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Imipramine operates by blocking the reuptake of catecholamines and serotonin by presynaptic terminals. This drug will be classified as a/an:

Select one of the following:

  • a. Monoamine oxidase inhibitor

  • b. Selective serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor

  • c. Tricyclic

  • d. Benzodiazepine

Question 47 of 50

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Nardil operates by blocking the enzyme that metabolizes catecholamines and serotonin into inactive forms. This drug will be classified as a/an:

Select one of the following:

  • a. Monoamine oxidase inhibitor

  • b. Selective serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor

  • c. Tricyclic

  • d. Benzodiazepine

Question 48 of 50

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Prozac operates by blocking the reuptake of serotonin. This drug will be classified as a/an:

Select one of the following:

  • a. Monoamine oxidase inhibitor

  • b. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor

  • c. Tricyclic

  • d. Benzodiazepine

Question 49 of 50

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Sam is suffering from periods of restless activity, excitement, laughter, self-confidence, rambling speech and loss of inhibitions; which alternate with periods of depression.

Select one of the following:

  • Schizophrenia

  • Depression

  • Bipolar disorder

  • Anxiety

Question 50 of 50

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People with full-blown episodes of mania are said to have:

Select one of the following:

  • a. Bipolar II

  • b. Bipolar I

  • c. Hypomania

  • d. ADHD

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W8 Psychological disorders

wadey
Quiz by , created about 2 years ago

HPS775 (Week 08: Psychological disorders) Quiz on W8 Psychological disorders, created by wadey on 11/10/2014.

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Created by wadey about 2 years ago
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